Claude Monet's Famous Artworks
"La Charrette," 1865
“Plage a Trouville,” 1870
“Impression soleil levant,” 1872
“Le Pont d’Argenteuil,” 1874
“Mer agitée à Étretat,” 1883
“La Barque,” 1887
“La Cathédrale de Rouen,” 1892
“Nymphéas, effet du soir,” 1898
“Le Parlement de Londres,” 1904
“Palais des Doges,” 1910
Claude Monet was a French painter and a leading artist of the Impressionist style. It was from his work “Impression, Soleil Levant” that the name Impressionism
Claude Monet's Early Life and Education
Oscar-Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840, in Paris. His father, Adolphe, worked in the family business and mother, Louise, was a trained singer and had an interest in poetry. The family moved to La Havre in the Normandy region when Claude was five years old. He had an early interest in art and was encouraged by his mother, whose death in 1857 had a deep impact on him. However, his father wanted him to join the family business.
In Normandy, Monet met Eugène Boudin, who became his mentor and introduced him to the painting “en plein air,” which would influence his work for the rest of his life.
Paris Influence on Claude Monet
After moving to Paris in 1859, Monet decided to build his career in art. He was enrolled at the Académie Suisse and later, while studying under Charles Gleyre, came to know other young artists of the time such as Camille Pissarro, Jean Frédéric Bazille, Alfred Sisley and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The landscape painter Johan Barthold Jongkind was an important influence for the young artist.
Monet first exhibited his paintings at the Paris Salon in 1865 and the following year too, the jury selected two of his works. Claude Monet's selected works of 1866 comprised a landscape and a portrait of his muse and future wife, Camille Doncieux, entitled “Camille” or “The Woman in the Green Dress.” The couple’s first son, Jean, was born in 1867 and they married in 1870, just ahead of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Many of Monet's paintings
were confiscated by his creditors during this time when he was hit by a financial crisis. His distress at the situation led him to attempt suicide by drowning in River Seine in 1868. He and Camille were helped through the crisis by the patronage of Louis-Joachim Gaudibert, who provided Camille with a house to care for the newborn Jean.
With the outbreak of the war in 1870, Monet and Camille sought refuge in England
where, he met Paul Durand-Ruel, his first art dealer. He also studied the landscapes of John Constable and Joseph Mallord William Turner during this time.
Claude Monet and the Beginning of Impressionism
Monet returned to France in 1872 and settled in the industrial town of Argenteuil, west of Paris. He renewed contact with Pissarro and Renoir, meeting them as well as Édouard Manet regularly. Manet and Monet would often meet at the latter’s studio on a boat and paint each other, as well as the surrounding view.
Claude Monet was an important figure, along with Sisley, Renoir, Pissarro and Edgar Degas in forming the Société Anonyme des Artistes Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs in 1874. The aim of the society was to promote the avant-garde in art and move away from the constraints of art presented in the traditional, annual Salon. The first exhibition of the society, popularly called the first Impressionist Exhibition, was held in 1874 in Paris. The name Impressionism, which came to define a style of art with small, defined brushstrokes, natural depiction of light, and scenes from modern life, was derived from Monet’s 1872 painting, “Impression, Soleil Levant (Impression, Sunrise),” though it was first used in a negative sense by critics of the group’s art.
Monet and Camille’s second son was born in 1878, but this was also a difficult time for the family. Camille, whose health had been failing for some time, was diagnosed with uterine cancer and died in 1879. Before her death, the family moved to the village of Vétheuil, where they lived with Ernest and Alice Hoschedé and their six children.
Claude Monet's Later Years
Monet became romantically involved with Alice Hoschedé after Camille’s death and moved to Giverny in 1883 with their children, though Alice never divorced Ernest. Alice and Monet married in 1893, after Ernest's death. Many of the later paintings of Claude Monet depicting outdoor gardens, Japanese bridges and water lilies were inspired by the landscape at Giverny. The impact of light at different times of the day under varying conditions was a constant theme in his work. You can buy Claude Monet's paintings online
In the final years of his life, Monet suffered from depression and poor eyesight. He died on December 5, 1926 at his home in Giverny, which now houses the Claude Monet Foundation.
Claude Monet's Major Exhibitions
1865 - Salon de Paris
1871 - Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris
1874 - First Impressionist Exhibition
1880 - First solo exhibition at Galerie la Vie Moderne, Paris
1886 - American Art Association, New York
1905 - Grafton Galleries, London
1912 - Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris
2013 - Fondation de l’Hermitage, Lausanne
2013 - Metropolitan Museum of Art
2014 - Musée du Luxembourg, Paris
2015 - Philadelphia Museum of Art
Claude Monet's Museums/Collections
Fondation Claude Monet, Giverny
Musée Marmottan-Monet, Paris
Musée d’Orsay, Paris
Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris
Musée d’Art Moderne André Malraux, Le Havre
Art Institute of Chicago
Guggenheim Museum, New York
Metropolitan Museum, New York
Museum of Modert Art, New York
National Gallery, London
Neue Pinakothek, Munich
Tate Gallery, London
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
“Claude Monet” by P. Tucker
“Monet ‘un oeil… mais bon Dieu, quell oeil!’” by Sylvie Patin
“Claude Monet” by Nathalia Brodskaya
“The Eyes of Claude Monet from Sense of Sight” by John Berger
“Monet A Biography” by Charles Merrill Mount
“Monet by Himself” by Richard Kendall