Whitney Biennial 2010 Breakdown: The Old Guard

Though one tends to associate the Whitney Biennial with young talent, this year's edition offers an opportunity to rediscover older, esteemed greats. A useful counterbalance to the emerging artists in the show, these relative veterans (some still in their late 40s) provide context for the evolution of artistic practice over the last several decades. Here are 17 artists with established careers who will appear in the exhibition.

Thank you to the Whitney Museum of American Art for its assistance in compiling this information.

Ari Marcopoulos
Born: 1957 in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Resides in: Sonoma, CA
Known for: Rough, sometimes grainy black-and-white photos, with the occasional handsome color portrait as well. The ur downtown hipster photographer and a chronicler of the early hip-hop scene, Marcopoulos assisted Warhol in the 1980s and has appeared in most prominent fashion magazines. Last year he received a mid-career survey, "Within Arm's Reach," at the Berkeley Art Museum (curated by Stephanie Cannizzo).
Education: Unknown
Represented by: AFG Management
Web site

Michael Asher
Born: 1943 in Los Angeles
Resides in: Los Angeles
Known for: Conceptual art and institutional critique. The son of art dealer Betty Asher, he creates projects that reveal how museums and galleries display art and how curatorial practices shape how we understand the art we view in those settings. A renowned figure at CalArts, he is highly regarded for his "Post-Studio Crit" class, in which he leads intensive group discussions that can focus on a single work of art for up to eight hours. (He teaches there with co-Biennialist Martin Kersels, who is co-director of the faculty's program.) Asher's work has been exhibited at MoMA and the Pompidou Center, and he received a Guggenheim Fellowship and National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship.
Education: Unknown   
Represented by: None listed
Web site

Charles Ray
Born: 1953 in Chicago
Resides in: Los Angeles
Known for: Minimalist forms and conceptual projects tweaked with wit. Is that a Fred Sandback? No, it's a thin, dripping line of ink falling through the floor. Hmm, that cube looks a bit deeper than it's height. Oh, Ray has embedded it in the floor. Recently, the artist has produced a limited number of large, carefully fabricated works, like a gigantic, metal sculpture of a farmer atop his tractor. Was in the Whitney Biennial in 1989, 1993, 1995, and 1997.
Education: University of Iowa, Rutgers University MFA
Represented by: Matthew Marks Gallery and Regen Projects
Web site

Robert Williams
Born: 1943 in Albuquerque
Resides in: Chatsworth, California
Known for: Bizarre, creepy, and fantastical figurative paintings, sometimes with a dose of narrative. A pioneer of "lowbrow" art, he worked in the studio of graphic artist and custom-car builder Ed "Big Daddy" Roth in the mid-1960s before joining the underground cartoon circle around San Francisco's "Zap Comix," which included R. Crumb and Spain Rodriguez. Featured in the 1992 "Helter Skelter" show at MOCA (curated by Paul Schimmel). In his recent work, he takes George Condo-esque figures, adds a dose of realism, and places them within a larger setting.
Education: Los Angeles City College and Chouinard Arts Institute
Represented by: Tony Shafrazi Gallery
Web site

James Casebere
Born: 1953
Resides in: Brooklyn, NY
Known for: Photographs of meticulously built, doll house-scaled models of architectural environments that are notable for their often highly specific atmospheres. A member of the  1980s so-called "Pictures Generation" alongside Robert Longo, Richard Prince, and Cindy Sherman, he exerted a significant influence on the photographers Thomas Demand and Gregory Crewdson. In 2008 Casebere created images of interrogation rooms and prison cells bathed only in glimmers of light; his recent work has focused on Spain. He has variously been represented by Franklin Furnace and Sonnebend in the past.
Education: Minneapolis CAD, Whitney Independent Study Program, CalArts MFA
Represented by: Sean Kelly Gallery, Galleria Marabini, Galerie Daniel Templon
Web site

Huma Bhabha
Born: 1962
Resides in: Poughkeepsie, NY
Known for: Eerie sculpted faces and body parts and haunted, sometimes rusticdrawings that recall Dubuffet at his most rugged and gritty. Co-Biennialist Thomas Houseago is a kindred spirit. Was in "Greater New York" in 2005 at P.S. 1. and Charles Saatchi's influential "USA Today" show at the Royal Academy in London. The recipient of the Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum's 2008 emerging artist award, Bhabha has reportedly experienced a market surge in recent years.
Education: RISD, Columbia MFA
Represented by: Salon 94, ATM Gallery, Gallery Nathalie Obadia, Greener Pastures
Web site

George Condo
Born: 1957 in Concord, Mass.
Resides in: New York
Known for: Known for disfigured, sometimes macabre oil portraits and equally disturbing sculptures. He is one of the Biennial's most renowned names, as well as an alumnus of the in the 1987 edition. His works have started going for major sums in recent years, and he recently reached a broader audience by collaborating with designer Adam Kimmel for a show during Paris's Fashion Week. A survey of his work is planned for the New Museum early next year.
Education: Lowell University
Represented by: Sprueth Magers, Simon Lee, Andrea Caratsch, Skarstedt
Web site

Suzan Frecon
Born: 1941 in Mexico, Pennsylvania
Resides in: New York
Known for: Elegant, minimal geometric abstraction that one could call spare but for the rich coloring that defies that term. Although her works are non-objective in the classical sense, Frecon claims a political — and particularly environmental — valence for her paintings. Her work is in the collection at MoMA, and was shown at the Menil Collection in 2008 and the Drawing Center in 2002. She has a show planned at David Zwirner later this year.
Education: Penn State University, UniversitatStrasbourg and Ecole Superieure de Beaux Arts, Paris
Represented by: David Zwirner
Web site

Robert Grosvenor
Born: 1937 in New York, NY
Resides in: Long Island, NY
Known for: Rough-around-the-edges sculptures that betray his sensibilities as a lapsed minimalist, filing the space they are shown in with a theatrical, often historically-inflected ambiance. Also makes drawings that display a sense of humor about materials. In the 1960s his cantilevered wood-and-metal pieces were in step with the times, but since then his work has evolved in a stubborn way that makes him a compelling figure for younger artists.
Education: Ecole des Beaux Arts in France, Paris's Ecole Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs, and the Universita di Perugia in Italy
Represented by: Paula Cooper
Web site

Babette Mangolte
Born: 1941 in Montmorot, France
Resides in: New York
Known for: Photographs and films she has made since the 1960s that chronicle the creative ferment in New York's arts community, from the dance productions of Trisha Brown to Marina Abramovic's performances (her 2007 film "Seven Easy Pieces" is a landmark document of the artist's work). A dyed-in-the-wool avant-gardist, Mangolte brings a deep reservoir of downtown institutional memory to the Biennial. She received a retrospective of her films at Jonas Mekas's Anthology Film Archives in 2004.
Education: L'Ecole Nationale de la Photographie et de la Cinematographie
Represented by: Broadway 1602
Web site

Lorraine O’Grady
Born: 1934 in Boston, Mass.
Resides in: New York
Known for: A varied practice of conceptual, photographic, performance, and video work that she began only in 1980, when she was in her mid-40s. A trenchant explorer of gender and racial identity, O'Grady was included in "WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution" (curated by Connie Butler). Her work is in the permanent collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Brooklyn Museum, and Harvard's Fogg Art Museum. On a side note, she was name-checked in Le Tigre's "Hot Topic" song.
Education: Wellesley
Represented by: Alexander Gray Associates
Web site

Nina Berman

Born: 1960 in New York, NY
Resides in: New York
Known for: Richly colored photo-journalistic work, organized in series, often politically–minded. Recently published Purple Hearts, about 20 military veterans returning to civilian life. Photographed Obama on his train ride to Washington, D.C., for a widely seen series. Part of the NOOR photo collective. An analogue and precursor of sorts to co-Biennialist Stephanie Sinclaire.
Education: University of Chicago, Columbia School of Journalism
Represented by: Jen Bekman
Web site

Dawn Clements

Born: 1958 in Woburn, Mass.
Resides in: Brooklyn, NY
Known for: Pencil drawings spread across multiple papers and hung as installations on walls, sometimes featuring deep perspective and often drawing quotidian life in bracing detail. Although one of the less-frequently exhibited artists among the older generation in the Biennial, she has shown at James Cohan, Feigen Contemporary, and Acme Gallery, and her work is in the collections of MoMA and the Whitney. A lecturer at Princeton's Lewis Center for the Arts, Clements will receive a solo show at Pierogi's The Boiler space later this year.
Education: Brown University, SUNY Albany MFA
Represented by: Pierogi
Web site

Julia Fish
Born: 1950 in Toledo, Oregon
Resides in: Chicago
Known for: Deceptively simple abstract prints, paintings, and drawings. Composed of relatively few colors that are worked out in endless permutations, her gridded, geometric pieces often reference blueprints for stairs and living rooms. Her work is in the permanent collections of MoMA, the Art Institute of Chicago, MoCA Chicago, and MoCA L.A. Fish teaches at the School of Art and Design at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Education: Pacific Northwest College of Art, the Maryland Institute MFA
Represented by: Rhona Hoffman Gallery
Web site

Roland Flexner
Born: 1940 in Nice, France
Resides in: New York
Known for: Black-and-white prints and drawings, such as Sumi ink drawings that resemble oil spills and graphite drawings that have a photo-realistic touch, showing people, still lifes, and memento mori. Flexner has most frequently been exhibited abroad, especially in France, and his work is in the permanent collections of the Whitney and the Pompidou Center.
Education: Unknown
Represented by: D’Amelio Terras Gallery
Web site

Maureen Gallace
Born: 1960 in Stamford, Connecticut
Resides in: New York
Known for: Bright, sunny, and smart landscapes, usually verdant; similar to Fairfield Porter, though she refuses his moodiness. Melancholy, maybe. Teaches at NYU and has been exhibited at the Chinati Foundation, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Dallas Museum of Art.
Education: Hartford Art School, Rutgers MFA
Represented by: 303, Michael Kohn
Web site

Jim Lutes
Born: 1955 in Fort Lewis, Washington
Resides in: Chicago
Known for: Paintings characterized by ecstatic abstraction, one might say, executed in egg tempura. Sometimes creates his wild (though delicately painted) abstractions over portraits or landscapes. Was in the 1987 Whitney Biennial and Documenta IX in 1992. Teaches at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.
Education: Washington State University, School of the Art Institute of Chicago MFA
Represented by: Valerie Carberry Gallery
Web site