What makes an artist important? The exact chemical equation varies in every case, but typically involves some combination of the skill and originality of their practice, a compelling biography, their presence in important gallery and museum exhibitions, art fairs, biennials, and auctions, and their popular appeal. The most influential artists hail from every period, school, and movement. They can be Old Masters like Canaletto and Pieter Bruegel, bon vivants who frequented Parisian cabarets like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Edouard Manet, or rigorous modernists like Piet Mondrian and Jasper Johns. All are indisputably important, but they took very different paths to entering the canon. 


More often than not, an engaging life story is key. Jean-Michel Basquiat, for instance, was hailed during his tragically short lifetime, but has grown in importance as collectors have sent the market for his work skyrocketing. His appeal to museumgoers and collectors alike has always been bound up with his personal story, which epitomizes the romantic narrative of the doomed genius. Vincent van Gogh’s biography, though markedly more tragic since he never received recognition during his short lifetime, has likewise become inseparable from his incredibly popular and visionary paintings. Even Caravaggio, an aesthetic rebel in his time who has become one of the quintessential Old Masters, was notorious for getting into bar fights and died in exile at age 38 after killing a man in Rome.


Affiliation with a revered movement can often boost an artist’s status. The Italian painter Giorgio de Chirico may not be the first Surrealist most people think of, but his unique and distinctively eerie urban vistas helped lay the groundwork for that movement. Georges Braque kept at Cubist painting throughout his career, and is indelibly associated with it, even while his friend Pablo Picasso continued to evolve, becoming the quintessential modernist genius. Paul Signac is forever associated with Pointillism, and though that movement was very short-lived, his work remains hugely popular.


At the same time, many artists become marked as important specifically because their work stands out from any movement or classification. In this category, you have Francis Bacon, with his violently surreal, psychologically charged, and hugely popular figurative paintings, which blend elements of surrealism and expressionism with nods to classical portraiture. Similarly, Wassily Kandinsky may have been a co-founder of the Blue Rider group of Expressionists, but his work evolved into a singular and distinctive genre of dynamic abstraction that continues to seduce art lovers young and old.


In short, an artist’s importance is an impossible thing to gauge and notoriously difficult to predict. Some may remain consistently popular, like Lucian Freud, while others reemerge after their oeuvre is re-appraised, like Lucio Fontana. Whatever the case, the artists who continue to rank as most important always offer some combination of biographical intrigue, market desirability, institutional support, and a distinctive, visionary aesthetic.


  • 1. Pablo Picasso

    Pablo Picasso is one of the greatest artists of the 20th Century and a co-founder of the Cubist movement.As well as being one of the most innovative a... More
  • 2. Andy Warhol

    Andy Warhol (b. 1928, d. 1987)Born: August 6, 1928Died: February 22, 1987Media: Painting, Graphic Art, Filmmaking, Publishing, SculptureMovement: Pop ... More
  • 3. Claude Monet

    Claude Monet was a French painter and a leading artist of the Impressionist style. It was from his work “Impression, Soleil Levant” that the name ... More
  • 4. Pierre-Auguste Renoir

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French artist. He was one of the founders of the French Impressionist art movement, well known for his sensuous depictions... More
  • 5. Henri Matisse

    Henri Matisse (1869-1954)FrenchBorn: December 31, 1869Died: November 3, 1954Henri Matisse was a French painter, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. ... More
  • 6. Gerhard Richter

    Gerhard Richter is arguably one of Germany’s most prominent artists, who has taken the exploration of abstraction and photo paintings to new levels.... More
  • 7. Francis Bacon

    Not to be confused with the former Chancellor of England, Francis Bacon (the artist) was a British painter who achieved international acclaim with his... More
  • 8. Marc Chagall

    Marc Chagall’s dreamy, poetic landscapes fused with religion and fantasy made him one of the most celebrated Russian artists of the 20th century. Hi... More
  • 9. Alberto Giacometti

    Alberto GiacomettiSwissBorn: October 10, 1901/ Borgonovo, SwitzerlandDied: January 11, 1966/Chur, SwitzerlandAlberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, ... More
  • 10. Edgar Degas

    Edgar Degas, a French artist well known for his painting, sculpture, prints, and drawings, was an influential member of the Impressionist group, thoug... More
  • 11. Paul Cezanne

    Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906)FrenchBorn: January 19, 1839Died: October 22, 1906Paul Cézanne was a French post-Impressionist artist who is presently the... More
  • 12. Joan Miro

    Joan Miró was an influential Spanish painter during the 20th century.Born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893, he studied first at the Barcelona School of... More
  • 13. Amedeo Modigliani

    The Italian painter and sculptor Amedeo Modigliani (1884–1920) is best known for his elegant portraits of women with mask-like, oval faces, elongate... More
  • 15. Mark Rothko

    Latvian-born Jewish American painter Mark Rothko was one of the most important proponents of mid-20th century abstract expressionism, despite his pers... More
  • 16. Fernand Leger

    Fernand Leger was a French artist, filmmaker and sculptor, associated with Cubism. He pioneered a version of cubism strongly influenced by modern indu... More
  • 17. Jean-Michel Basquiat

    American artist Jean-Michel Basquiat first came to prominence as a graffiti writer in New York City, and subsequently as a wildly successful 1980s Neo... More
  • 18. Roy Lichtenstein

    Roy Lichtenstein was an American painter, print-maker, sculptor and a leading figure of the Pop Art movement. He is best known for his graphic work ba... More
  • 19. Vincent van Gogh

    Although he managed to sell only one painting, and died penniless and feeling misunderstood, Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh is today considered an art... More
  • 20. Willem de Kooning

    Willem de Kooning (1904-1997)Dutch, AmericanBorn: April 24, 1904Died: March 19, 1997Dutch-born painter Willem de Kooning was one of the most important... More
  • 21. Qi Baishi

    Qi Baishi (1864 – 1957)ChineseBorn: January 1, 1864Died: September 16, 1957Qi Baishi (also known as Qí Huáng and Qí Wèiqīng) was one of the gre... More
  • 22. Alexander Calder

    AlexanderCalder (1898-1976) received a degree in mechanical engineering at StevensInstitute of Technology (New Jersey) prior tostudying at the Art Stu... More
  • 23. Camille Pissarro

    Camille Pissarro was a French landscape artist who was a major influence in the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist schools of painting. A painter of... More
  • 24. Lucio Fontana

    Lucio Fontana (1899–1968) founded Spatialism, a movement developed in the late-1940s in response to advances in science that focused on matter, stro... More
  • 25. Rene Magritte

    René Magritte was a Belgian painter whose sharp and humorous imagery helped shape the Surrealist movement. Though he employed the use of clear, illus... More
  • 27. Egon Schiele

    Egon Schiele was an Austrian figurative painter and protégé of Gustav Klimt. He is best known for his visceral style and bold compositions – twist... More
  • 28. Damien Hirst

    Contemporary English artist Damien Hirst (born June 7, 1965) is the most prominent of the group known as the Young British Artists (YBA).Hirst first a... More
  • 30. Gustav Klimt

    Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouvea... More
  • 31. Pierre Bonnard

    Pierre Bonnard was a French painter and printmaker and member of the brief but influential post-Impressionist art movement, Les Nabis.Early LifeBonnar... More
  • 33. Edvard Munch

    Edvard Munch (b. 1863, d. 1944)Born: December 12, 1863Style: ExpressionistDied:January 23, 1944Occupation: Painter, PrintmakerNationality: NorwegianEd... More
  • 34. Maurice de Vlaminck

    Maurice de Vlaminck (April 4, 1876 – October 11, 1958) was a French painter, printmaker and author. Along with André Derain and Henri Matis... More
  • 35. Yves Klein

    Yves Klein was among the pioneers of conceptual and performance art, and also one of the key influencers of the minimalist movement. The enigmatic Fre... More
  • 36. Jeff Koons

    Jeff Koons  (b. 1955)AmericanBorn: January 21, 1955Jeffrey Koons, popularly known as Jeff Koons, is a contemporary American pop artist and sculpt... More
  • 37. Jean Dubuffet

    Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet was a French artist, sculptor and theorist. His rejection of academic study and analyses for “low art” was controver... More
  • 38. Wassily Kandinsky

    Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsk (16 December 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with paintin... More
  • 39. Wu Guanzhong

    Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)Wu Guanzhong, a Chinese artist, was well known for his contemporary style, some of which had shades of Impressionist influence... More
  • 40. Zao Wou-Ki

    Zao Wou-Ki (born 13 February 1921 in Beijing) is a Chinese-French painter.He was born in a cultivated family and studied calligraphy in his childhood ... More
  • 41. Auguste Rodin

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  • 42. Cy Twombly

    Edwin Parker Twombly Jr. was an American artist whose Abstract Expressionist signature lay in “mark-making” through practices of graffiti and call... More
  • 43. Alfred Sisley

    Alfred Sisley was an Anglo-French Impressionist who championed the En Plein Air ethos and remained dedicated to landscape painting throughout his life... More
  • 44. Xu Beihong

    Xu Beihong (1895-1953)Xu Beihong was a Chinese painter and calligrapher, best known for his traditional style ink and wash paintings of birds and hors... More
  • 45. Georges Braque

    Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art ... More
  • 46. Jasper Johns

    Jasper Johns is an American painter and master printmaker who had a tremendous effect on art movements in the 1950s, and was also one of the first exp... More
  • 47. Paul Signac

    Paul Signac was a writer, printmaker and a French Neo-Impressionist artist and co-founder of the Pointillist style of painting.Early LifePaul Signac w... More
  • 48. Salvador Dali

    Salvador Dalí has become synonymous with surrealism. The image of Dali, with his trademark quirky moustache, is one of the most easily recognized art... More
  • 49. Canaletto

    Giovanni Antonio Canal (17  October 1697 – 19 April 1768) better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice... More
  • 50. Alexej Jawlensky

    Alexej Georgewitsch von Jawlensky was a Russian painter who lived and worked primarily in Germany. He was a fundamental part of the Neue Künstlervere... More
  • 51. Fu Baoshi

    Fu Baoshi (1904-1965)Fu Baoshi was an Asian figure and landscape artist, known for his contribution to transforming traditional Chinese ink painting b... More
  • 52. Paul Klee

    Paul Klee was one of the most important figures in the development of European abstract art in the first quarter of the 20th century.  His imager... More
  • 53. Edouard Manet

    Édouard Manet (1832 - 1883)FrenchBorn: January 23, 1832Died: April 30, 1883Considered by historians as the father of modernism, French artist Édouar... More
  • 54. Raoul Dufy

    Raoul Dufy was a painter of joy: his style, his subject matter, and his light, bright colors reflect a joy in life and in creating works which impart ... More
  • 55. Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn

    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painte... More
  • 56. Giorgio de Chirico

    Giorgio de Chirico was a Greek artist, sculptor and set designer of Italian descent whose work with the Scuola Metafisica influenced the development o... More
  • 57. Juan Gris

    Juan Gris(1887-1927)Commonly referred to as the ‘Third Cubist’ or the ‘Third Musketeer of Cubism’ (after Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque), Ju... More
  • 58. Lucian Freud

    Lucian Freud was a British Realist painter of German descent, best known for his visceral and unsettling portraits and figures. He was the grandson of... More
  • 59. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

    Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa or simply Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901) was a French painter, printm... More
  • 60. Max Ernst

    Max Ernst was a German Surrealist painter and sculptor who contributed greatly to the initiation of the Abstract Expressionist movement in post-War Am... More
  • 62. Emil Nolde

    Emile Nolde was a printmaker and painter of Frisian and German descent. He was a member of the Die Brücke group and one of the first known Expression... More
  • 63. Jackson Pollock

    One of the best-known artists of the first half of the 20th century, Jackson Pollock created a body of work that has drawn the highest praise and outr... More
  • 64. Li Keran

  • 65. Maurice Utrillo

    Maurice Utrillo was a French painter best known for his lyrical depictions of Paris cityscapes. He did not conform to either traditional or avant-gard... More
  • 66. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (May 6, 1880 – June 15, 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group D... More
  • 67. Richard Prince

    Richard Prince, (born 1949 in the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, now part of Republic of Panama) is an American painter and photographer. His work... More
  • 69. Peter Paul Rubens

    Peter Paul Rubens, a Flemish painter and diplomat, was one of the most prolific and successful artists in the Baroque style of painting. He produced a... More
  • 70. Chaim Soutine

    Chaïm Soutine (b. 1893 – d. 1943)Date of Birth: January 13, 1893Date of Death: August 9, 1943Place of Birth: Smilavichy, BelarusOccupation: ArtistM... More
  • 71. Joan Mitchell

    Joan Mitchell (February 12, 1925 - October 30, 1992) was a ‘Second Generation’ Abstract Expressionist painter. Along with Lee Krasner, Gra... More
  • 72. Piet Mondrian

    Pieter Cornelis “Piet” Mondrian was a Dutch painter, theorist and writer known for his contribution to the development of modern abstract art and ... More
  • 73. Donald Judd

      DONALD JUDD (1928-1994)Donald Judd was an American theoretician and conceptual artist, best known for his contribution to the Minimalist moveme... More
  • 74. Edouard Vuillard

    Edouard Vuillard was a French painter, draughtsman, designer and lithographer associated with Les Nabis, a post-Impressionist artistic group at the en... More
  • 75. Lin Fengmian

    Lin Fenmiang (1900-1991)Lin Fengmian was a Chinese painter and educator, known for his contribution to the movement of Oriental artists that attempted... More
  • 78. Zeng Fanzhi

    ZENG FANZHI (1964-)Zeng Fanzhi is a contemporary Chinese painter known for his Expressionistic style and psychologically revealing imagery. He is one ... More
  • 80. Sam Francis

    Sam Francis was a painter and printmaker of American origin active in the post-World War period, famous for his use of formless vivid color. Although ... More
  • 81. Robert Rauschenberg

    Robert Rauschenberg (b. 1925 – d. 2008)Date of Birth: October 22, 1925Date of Death: May 12, 2008Place of Birth: Port Arthur, Texas, U.S.A.Education... More
  • 82. Francesco Guardi

    Francesco GuardiItalian, b.1712 – d.1793Place of Birth: Venice, ItalyMovement: Venetian School Francesco Guardi was one of the last great Venet... More
  • 83. Giorgio Morandi

    Giorgio Morandi was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life. His paintings are noted for their tonal subtlety in depicting app... More
  • 84. Tom Wesselmann

    TOM WESSELMANN (1931-2004)Tom Wesselmann was an American painter, sculptor and collagist who concentrated mainly on the female nude. He was one of the... More
  • 85. Laurence Stephen Lowry

    Laurence Stephen Lowry was an English artist famous for his paintings of industrial growth and the people of northern England.Early Life and Education... More
  • 86. Edward Ruscha

    Ed Ruscha is an American painter, illustrator, photographer, and printmaker. Drawing upon the vernacular of Los Angeles and its landscape, he became o... More
  • 87. Eugene Boudin

    Eugène Boudin was a French landscape painter and one of the most significant forerunners of the Impressionists. He was one of the first artists to pa... More
  • 88. Franz Kline

    FRANZ KLINE (1910-1962)Franz Kline was an American painter who worked mostly within monochromes, best known for his contribution to Abstract Expressio... More
  • 91. Richard Diebenkorn

    RICHARD DIEBENKORN (1922-1993)The American artist Richard Diebenkorn was known for his Abstract Expressionist work as well as for his pionee... More
  • 92. Lyonel Feininger

    Lyonel Feininger was a German-American artist who became a painter even though his first love was music. He was an important figure in the art world o... More
  • 93. Fernando Botero

    Fernando Botero Angulo (born April 19, 1932 in Medellin, Antioquia) is a Colombian neo-figurative artist, self-titled "the most Colombian of Colo... More
  • 95. Chu Teh-Chun

    Chu Teh-Chun (1920-2014)Date of Birth: October 24, 1920Place of Birth: Xiao County, ChinaDate of Death: March 26, 2014Place of Death: Paris, FranceOcc... More
  • 96. Jean Baptiste Camille Corot

    Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot was a French painter whose work was inspired by the neo-classical aesthetic and anticipated the ‘plein air’ method ado... More
  • 97. Ferdinand Hodler

    Ferdinand Hodler was a Swiss Symbolist painter of the 19th century, best known for his stylized figures and simplified use of color. In spite of remai... More
  • 98. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky

    Ivan Aivazovsky was an Armenian artist who was primarily known for his paintings of the sea. He became an extremely successful painter in his own life... More
  • 99. Frank Stella

    Frank Stella was born in Maiden, Massachusetts in 1936. He studied at Phillips Academy, Andover, and then at Princeton University. One year after his ... More
  • 100. Marino Marini

    Born in 1901 in Pistoia, Marini was trained as a painter in the great Renaissance art center of Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti. He drew small ... More
  • 101. Raphael

  • 102. Childe Hassam

    Childe Hassam was an extremely successful Impressionist painter from the United States. He was very prolific, and was to form the nucleus of a group o... More
  • 104. Wayne Thiebaud

    Born in Mesa, Arizonain 1920, Wayne Thiebaud started his career as a commercial artist. From 1938 to1949, he worked as a sign painter, an illustrator,... More
  • 105. Rufino Tamayo

    Rufino Tamayo was a Mexican painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor. Like other Mexican artists of the same period, he became a well-known figure ... More
  • 106. Bernard Buffet

    BERNARD BUFFET (1928-1999)Bernard Buffet was a French artist who was known for his Expressionist oeuvre, and was part of the L’homme Temoin group. H... More
  • 108. Andre Derain

    Andre Derain was a French painter, printmaker, book illustrator, theatrical designer and sculptor. He is known as the creator of Fauvism along with He... More
  • 109. Tsuguharu Foujita

    TSUGUHARU FOUJITA (1886-1968)Tsuguharu Foujita was an artist of Japanese origin. He was a complete artist, using various mediums in his practice. He u... More
  • 110. John Singer Sargent

    John Singer Sargent, an American artist who lived mainly in Europe, was the foremost portrait painter of his generation. Though some of his works are ... More
  • 111. San-Yu

  • 112. David Hockney

    One of the most widelyacclaimed of all living artists, Hockney's popularity is based on the enormous,continuing appeal of his pictures and the pop... More
  • 114. Sigmar Polke

    While still a student at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf, Polke, among Richter and others, became a founding member of the school of “Capit... More
  • 115. Lu Yanshao

  • 116. Serge Poliakoff

    SERGE POLIAKOFF (1900-1969)Serge Poliakoff was a French artist and musician of Russian origin who is best known for his contribution to the Tachisme m... More
  • 120. Christopher Wool

    Christopher Wool (b.1955, Chicago) is an American artist residing in New York City. Since the 1980s, Wool's studio practice has incorporated issues su... More
  • 122. Francis Picabia

    Francis Picabia (b. 1879, d. 1953)Francis Picabia was a French avant-garde artist and poet, and was an important painter in the initial years of Dadai... More
  • 123. Nicolas de Stael

    Nicolas de Stael (1914-1955)Nicolas de Stael was a French modern artist of Russian origin, noted for his series of landscapes in thick impasto that at... More
  • 125. Karel Appel

    Karel Appel (1921-2006)Date of Birth: April 25, 1921Date of Death: May 3, 2006Place of Birth: Amsterdam, NetherlandsOccupation: Painter, Poet, Sculpto... More
  • 126. Georges Rouault

    Georges Henri Rouault (27 May 1871 – 13 February 1958) was a French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, and printmaker in lithography and etching.Rou... More
  • 128. Peter Doig

    Peter Doig (b. 1959)Date of Birth: April 17, 1959Place of Birth: Edinburgh, ScotlandOccupation: PainterEducation: Wimbledon School of Art, St. Martin... More
  • 129. Philip Guston

    Louis and Rachel Goldstein, with six children, emigrate from Odessa, Ukraine, Russia, settling in Montreal, Canada, c. 1905.1913    &nb... More
  • 130. Albert Marquet

    Albert Marquet was a French painter involved with the Fauvist movement, though he later adopted a more subdued, naturalistic style comparable to Post-... More
  • 131. Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida

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  • 136. George Stubbs

    George Stubbs (1724-1806)George Stubbs was an English artist. He is considered the greatest equestrian artist England ever had. After a period of rela... More
  • 137. Jean Arp

     Jean Arp (16 September 1886 – 7 June 1966) was a German-French, or Alsatian, sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such a... More
  • 138. Tamara de Lempicka

    Tamara de Lempicka (Łempicka) (16 May 1898 – 18 March 1980), born Maria Górska in Warsaw, Poland, was a Polish Art Deco painter.Born into a wealth... More
  • 139. Georgia O Keeffe

    Georgia Totto O’Keeffe was an American artist known for her intensely personal way of representing objects through Abstract Expressionism. She had a... More
  • 140. Georg Baselitz

    George Baselitz's artistic talents cover a mélange of skills including printmaker, draughtsman, sculptor and painter. However it is the realm... More
  • 141. Huang Zhou

  • 143. Marie Laurencin

    Poet and painter Marie Laurencin was associated with modernist circles in Paris. Beginning in 1907, Laurencin was muse and companion to the famed poet... More
  • 145. Agnes Martin

    Agnes Bernice Martin was a Canadian-American painter associated with the Minimalist style, although she preferred to be identified as an Abstract Expr... More
  • 146. Yue Minjun

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  • 148. Takashi Murakami

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  • 155. Albert Anker

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  • 156. Henri Jean Guillaume Martin

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  • 158. Moise Kisling

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  • 159. Keith Haring

    Born on the 4th of May, 1958 in Kutztown, Pennsylvania.1977/78 school of arts, Pittsburgh. 1978 the formerly "recalcitrant" and rather timid... More
  • 160. Jean-Paul Riopelle

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  • 161. Anselm Kiefer

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  • 164. Max Pechstein

    Max Pechstein was a German painter and printmaker. He was also a member of Die Brücke, a group of German Expressionist artists. Pechstein is best kno... More
  • 165. Pierre Soulages

    Pierre Soulages (born December 24, 1919) is a French painter, engraver, and sculptor.Born in Rodez (Aveyron) in 1919, Soulage... More
  • 166. Antoni Tapies

    Antoni Tàpies i Puig, 1st Marquess of Tàpies (13 December 1923 – 6 February 2012) was a Catalan painter, sculptor and art theorist, who became one... More
  • 167. Frank Auerbach

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  • 169. Robert Indiana

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  • 170. Arman

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  • 171. Edward Hopper

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  • 172. Jean Leon Gerome

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  • 173. Andreas Gursky

    One might say that Andreas Gursky learned photography three times. Born in 1955, he grew up in Düsseldorf, the only child of a successful commerc... More
  • 174. Albert Bierstadt

    Albert Bierstadt was the most esteemed and widely-known painter of the American West during the second half of the nineteenth century. His paintings r... More
  • 175. Chen Yifei

    Chen Yifei (1946-2005)Chen Yifei was a painter and film director, best known for his contribution to the development of oil painting in contemporary C... More
  • 176. Henri le Sidaner

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  • 177. Louise Bourgeois

    Louise Bourgeois was born on December 25, 1911, in Paris. As a teenager, Bourgeois assisted her parents in their tapestry-restoration business, making... More
  • 179. Gino Severini

    Gino Severini, one of the leading artists of the Futurist movement, began experimenting with etchings in 1909 after he moved to Paris. In the beginnin... More
  • 182. Alighiero e Boetti

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  • 183. Maqbool Fida Husain

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  • 185. Josef Albers

    Josef Albers was a German-born sculptor, painter, teacher and art theorist whose belief that ideas and concepts could be expressed through simple geom... More
  • 186. Ellsworth Kelly

    Ellsworth Kelly (b.1923)Nationality: AmericanDate of Birth: May 21, 1923Place of birth: Newburgh, New YorkOccupation: Painter, SculptorMovement: Minim... More
  • 187. Irma Stern

    Irma Stern was a South African artist who became famous for her paintings and sculptures inspired by African society. She became famous in her time, a... More
  • 189. Franz Marc

  • 191. Anish Kapoor

    Anish Kapoor (born 1952) is a Turner Prize winning sculptor. Kapoor was born in Bombay (Mumbai), India, and attended the Doon School, located in Dehra... More
  • 193. Christo

    Christo, the primary artist and designer of the duo's projects, was born 13 June 1935 in Gabrovo, Bulgaria. His father, Vladimir Javacheff, was a ... More
  • 194. Ju Ming

  • 195. Diego Rivera

    Diego Rivera (1886-1957)MexicanBorn: December 8, 1886Died: November 24, 1957One of the most important artists of his era, Diego Rivera was a Mexican p... More
  • 197. Sayed Haider Raza

    Syed Haider RazaIndian, b. 1922Place of birth: Madhya Pradesh, IndiaMovement: Indian Modern ArtSayed Haider Raza (S. H. Raza) is one of the most renow... More
  • 199. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1 December 1884 – 10 August 1976) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker, and a member of Die Brücke.Karl Schmidt... More
  • 201. Andrew Wyeth

    Andrew Newell Wyeth (July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist styl... More
  • 202. Francis Newton Souza

    Francis Newton SouzaIndian, b.1924 – d.2002Place of birth: Saligao, Goa Movement: Indian Modern Art Francis Newton Souza was an Indian art... More
  • 205. Cindy Sherman

    Cindy Sherman is an American photographer and film director, best known for her series of conceptual portraits of archetypical characters, all of whom... More
  • 207. Wang Hui

  • 208. Thomas Moran

    Thomas Moran was a British-born American landscape artist.Early LifeMoran was born in Bolton, England on January 12, 1837. His father, Thomas Moran Sr... More
  • 211. Asger Jorn

  • 212. George Bellows

    George Bellows (b. 1882 – d. 1925)Date of Birth: August 12, 1882Place of Birth: Columbus, OhioDate of Death: January 8, 1925Place of Death: New York... More
  • 214. Jack Butler Yeats

    The landscape painter Jack Butler Yeats is often referred to as the best-known Irish artist of the 20th century. He was also a cartoonist, illustrator... More
  • 216. Maximilien Luce

    Maximilien Luce was born in 1858 to a working-class Parisian family. Despite his modest beginnings, Luce went on to become one of the founders of the ... More
  • 222. Stanley Spencer

    STANLEY SPENCER (1891-1959)Stanley Spencer was an English artist. A religious man, his work reflected his often-complicated relationship with the Chri... More
  • 224. Yayoi Kusama

    Yayoi Kusama  is a Japanese artist. Her paintings, collages, soft sculptures, performance art and environmental installations all share an obsess... More
  • 225. Gustave Courbet

    Gustave Courbet was a painter of French origin who pioneered the early Realist movement in the mid-19th century. He was known for his bold subject mat... More
  • 226. Victor Vasarely

    Victor Vasarely; born Vásárhelyi Győző was a Hungarian-French artist whose work is generally seen as aligned with Op-art. &nbs... More
  • 227. Robert Motherwell

    Robert Motherwell was born in Aberdeen, Washington in 1915.  His extensive academic career began at age 11 when he studied art at Otis Art Instit... More
  • 229. Francois Boucher

    FRANÇOIS BOUCHER (1703-1770)FrenchBorn: September 29, 1703Died: May 30, 1770Francois Boucher was a French artist, who is best known for the Rococo st... More
  • 230. John Chamberlain

    John ChamberlainJohn Angus Chamberlain was an American artist who gained fame for his sculptures made from automobile parts. He was a part of the Abst... More
  • 231. Arshile Gorky

    Arshile Gorky (April 15, 1904 – July 21, 1948) was an Armenian-born American painter who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism.Gorky... More
  • 233. Giovanni Boldini

    Giovanni BoldiniItalian, b.1842 – d.1931Place of Birth: Ferrara, Italy Movement: Realism/Impressionism Giovanni Boldini was a renowned por... More
  • 235. Robert Ryman

    Robert Ryman (born May 30, 1930) is an American painter identified with the movements of monochrome painting, minimalism, and conceptual art. The majo... More
  • 243. Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

    Francisco de Goya (1746-1828)SpanishBorn: March 30, 1746Died: April 16, 1828Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was a romantic painter, one of the bes... More
  • 245. Frans Hals

  • 247. Maurizio Cattelan

    Maurizio Cattelan was born in Padua in 1960. He has had solo exhibitions in the most distinguished museums worldwide such as the Museum of Modern Art,... More
  • 248. Pu Ru

  • 249. Carl Larsson

    Carl Larsson (1853-1919)Carl Larsson was a Swedish painter and writer, best known for his contribution to the Arts and Crafts movement, an internation... More
  • 250. Morris Louis

     Morris Louis was born Morris Louis Bernstein in Baltimore in 1912, and at fifteen won a scholarship to the Maryland Institute of Fine and Applie... More
  • 251. Titian

  • 252. Man Ray

    Emmanuel Radnitzky (August 27, 1890–November 18, 1976), known professionally as Man Ray, was an American artist who spent most of his career in ... More
  • 255. Joshua Reynolds

    Joshua Reynolds was an English painter who was famous for his portraits and the introduction of the “Grand Style” to his country. He founded the R... More
  • 257. Milton Avery

    Milton Avery was an American modern painter.  The son of a tanner, Avery began working at a local factory at the age of 16 and supported him... More
  • 258. Liu Ye

  • 260. Bruno Liljefors

    Bruno Liljefors (1860-1939)Date of Birth: May 14, 1860Place of Birth: Uppsala, SwedenDate of Death: December 18, 1939Place of Death: Stockholm, Sweden... More
  • 261. Cesar

  • 262. Xie Zhiliu

  • 264. Fang Lijun

    Fang Lijun (born 1963, Handan, Hebei province, China) is an artist based in Beijing.He has shown work internationally in exhibitions including The Nex... More
  • 266. Wang Guangyi

    Wang Guangyi (1956/7 – ), is a Chinese artist known for being the leader of the New Art Movement circles that erupted out of China after 1989 an... More
  • 267. Eduardo Chillida

    Eduardo Chillida Juantegui, or Eduardo Txillida Juantegi in Basque, (10 January 1924 – 19 August 2002) was a Spanish Basque sculptor notable for his... More
  • 270. Adolph Gottlieb

    Adolph Gottlieb (1903-1974)attended lectures by Robert Henri and studied painting under John Sloan at theArt Students League (New York); he also atten... More
  • 272. Yoshitomo Nara

    Yoshimoto Nara (1959-)Yoshitomo Nara is a Japanese artist who has been active since the 1980s, exhibiting widely around the globe. He was born in Hiro... More
  • 273. Jacques Lipchitz

    Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973)Jacques Lipchitz was a sculptor of Russian-Lithuanian descent, who ultimately became an American citizen. He was known as ... More
  • 274. Brice Marden

    Brice Marden (born October 15, 1938), American, generally described as a Minimalist artist, although his work defies specific categorization.He was bo... More
  • 275. Maurice Prendergast

    MAURICE PRENDERGAST (1858-1924)Maurice Prendergast was an American artist who is best known for his monotone, oil, and watercolor paintings in th... More
  • 276. Balthus

    Balthus (1908-2001)Balthus was a Polish-French painter, best known for his sexualized imagery of pubescent girls. Early LifeBorn in Paris on the ... More
  • 278. Barbara Hepworth

    Born in Yorkshire and trained at Leeds School of Art and subsequentlythe Royal College of Art in London, Hepworth left London at theoutbreak of the Wa... More
  • 283. Cuno Amiet

  • 288. Georges Mathieu

    GEORGES MATHIEU (1921-2012)FrenchBorn: January 27, 1921Died: June 10, 2012Georges Mathieu was a French artist who is considered the founder of the Lyr... More
  • 290. Otto Dix

    W.H. Otto Dix (1891 – 1969) Otto Dix was a German painter and printmaker, who was born in Germany in 1891 and died in 1969. He was famous for h... More
  • 293. Marlene Dumas

    Dumas’s formal mastery belies the complexity of her conceptual preoccupations and she is thus widely considered to be one of today’s most ... More
  • 294. Jean Metzinger

    Jean Metzinger was a French artist and writer. He was associated with the development of Cubism along with figures like Pablo Picasso and Georges Braq... More
  • 296. Bruce Nauman

    Bruce Nauman (born December 6, 1941, in Fort Wayne, Indiana) is a contemporary American artist. His practice spans a broad range of media including sc... More
  • 300. Niki de Saint Phalle

    NIKI DE SAINT PHALLE (1930-2002)Niki de Saint Phalle was a French sculptor, painter, and filmmaker, known for her multifaceted oeuvre that spans ... More
  • 302. Akbar Padamsee

    India-born Akbar Padamsee undoubtedly shaped the direction of this school of art in India in particular, and the world by exploring various media, be ... More
  • 306. Andre Lhote

    André Lhote (5 July 1885 – 24 January 1962) was a French sculptor and painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also... More
  • 313. Bridget Riley

    Bridget Louise Riley CH CBE (born April 24, 1931 in Norwood, London) is an English painter who is one of the foremost proponents of op art, art that e... More
  • 315. Cornelis Springer

    Cornelis Springer was a Dutch painter known for his paintings of townscapes. A prolific artist, his work is known for its topographical accuracy and u... More
  • 316. Edouard Cortes

    Édouard Leon Cortès is known as ‘le Poete Parisien de la Peinture’ or the Parisian Poet of Painting because of his beautiful and diverse Pa... More
  • 317. El Greco

    EL GRECO (1541-1614)El Greco was the nickname of the Greek artist Domenikos Theotokopoulos. He is recognized as an artist who has had a profound influ... More
  • 320. Eugen von Blaas

    Eugene Von BlaasItalian, b.1843 – d.1932Place of Birth: Albano, Italy Movement: Academic ArtEugene von Blaas was an Italian painter who lived a... More
  • 322. Frederick Carl Frieseke

    Frederick Carl Friesekewas among the group of American Impressionist artists who settled in the Frenchvillage of Giverny,forty miles northwest of Pari... More
  • 325. Helen Frankenthaler

    Helen Frankenthaler was an American painter, best known for her association with the Abstract Expressionist movement of the mid-20th century. Like Pol... More
  • 328. Isaac Israels

    Isaac Israels was an Impressionist painter of Dutch origin, best known for his candid representation of street scenes, military activities and portrai... More
  • 330. James Ensor

    James Ensor was an Expressionist writer and painter of British and Belgian origin, active in the Surrealist movement of the early 20th century. He was... More
  • 334. Jean le Mayeur

    Adrien-Jean le Mayeur was an artist from Brussels, Belgium known for his Impressionist and Orientalist paintings.Early Life and EducationJean le Mayeu... More
  • 341. Karl Hofer

    Karl Christian Ludwig Hofer or Carl Hofer (11 October 1878 in Karlsruhe – 3 April 1955 Berlin) was a German expressionist painter. One of the most p... More
  • 346. Matta

  • 352. Paul Henry

  • 353. Philips Wouwerman

    Philips Wouwerman (also Wouwermans) (24 May 1619 (baptized) – 19 May 1668) was a Dutch painter of hunting, landscape and battle scenes. Philips... More
  • 354. Pierre Alechinsky

    Pierre AlechinskyBelgian, b. 1927 - PresentPlace of birth: Brussels, Belgium Movement: Modern ArtPierre Alechinsky, a Belgian artist is best know... More
  • 356. Ram Kumar

  • 362. Subodh Gupta

    Subodh Gupta was born in Khagaul, Bihar (1964). He did his BFA (Painting) from the College of Art Patna (1983- 88).He has had several solo shows inclu... More
  • 363. Takanari Oguiss

    Takanori Oguiss was a Japanese Expressionist painter who was active in the Parisian art world in the early 20th century. He is noted for capturing the... More
  • 365. Theodore Gericault

    THEODORE GÉRICAULT (1792-1824)Theodore Géricault was a French artist who painted in the Romantic style. Although he died young, his influence o... More
  • 366. Thomas Hart Benton

    The central figure in the Regionalist movement, Benton used his art to elevate the experiences of everyday people and ordinary events. His work is cha... More
  • 369. William Merritt Chase

    One of America’s Impressionist masters, William Merritt Chase achieved extraordinary success as an artist and art instructor at the turn of the twen... More