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 What makes an artist important? The exact chemical equation varies in every case, but typically involves some combination of the skill and originality of their practice, a compelling biography, their presence in important gallery and museum exhibitions, art fairs, biennials, and auctions, and their popular appeal. The most influential artists hail from every period, school, and movement. They can be Old Masters like Canaletto and Pieter Bruegel, bon vivants who frequented Parisian cabarets like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Edouard Manet, or rigorous modernists like Piet Mondrian and Jasper Johns. All are indisputably important, but they took very different paths to entering the canon. 


More often than not, an engaging life story is key. Jean-Michel Basquiat, for instance, was hailed during his tragically short lifetime, but has grown in importance as collectors have sent the market for his work skyrocketing. His appeal to museumgoers and collectors alike has always been bound up with his personal story, which epitomizes the romantic narrative of the doomed genius. Vincent van Gogh’s biography, though markedly more tragic since he never received recognition during his short lifetime, has likewise become inseparable from his incredibly popular and visionary paintings. Even Caravaggio, an aesthetic rebel in his time who has become one of the quintessential Old Masters, was notorious for getting into bar fights and died in exile at age 38 after killing a man in Rome.


Affiliation with a revered movement can often boost an artist’s status. The Italian painter Giorgio de Chirico may not be the first Surrealist most people think of, but his unique and distinctively eerie urban vistas helped lay the groundwork for that movement. Georges Braque kept at Cubist painting throughout his career, and is indelibly associated with it, even while his friend Pablo Picasso continued to evolve, becoming the quintessential modernist genius. Paul Signac is forever associated with Pointillism, and though that movement was very short-lived, his work remains hugely popular.


At the same time, many artists become marked as important specifically because their work stands out from any movement or classification. In this category, you have Francis Bacon, with his violently surreal, psychologically charged, and hugely popular figurative paintings, which blend elements of surrealism and expressionism with nods to classical portraiture. Similarly, Wassily Kandinsky may have been a co-founder of the Blue Rider group of Expressionists, but his work evolved into a singular and distinctive genre of dynamic abstraction that continues to seduce art lovers young and old.


In short, an artist’s importance is an impossible thing to gauge and notoriously difficult to predict. Some may remain consistently popular, like Lucian Freud, while others reemerge after their oeuvre is re-appraised, like Lucio Fontana. Whatever the case, the artists who continue to rank as most important always offer some combination of biographical intrigue, market desirability, institutional support, and a distinctive, visionary aesthetic.


  • 1. Pablo Picasso

    Pablo Picasso is one of the greatest artists of the 20th Century and a co-founder of the Cubist movement.As well as being one of the most innovative a... More
  • 2. Andy Warhol

    Andy Warhol was a leading American Pop artist who worked as a painter, graphic artist, filmmaker and producer. He was born in Pittsburgh to parents wh... More
  • 3. Claude Monet

    Considered the founder of French Impressionism, Claude Monet was central to the movement's philosophy of presenting and interpreting one's own percept... More
  • 4. Pierre-Auguste Renoir

    Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841–1919) was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of be... More
  • 5. Henri Matisse

    One of the great pioneering masters of 20th-century art, Henri Matisse was a versatile and productive artist, tackling artistic media throughout his l... More
  • 6. Gerhard Richter

    Gerhard Richter (born February 9, 1932) is a German artist. Richter is considered by some critics as one of the most important German artists of the p... More
  • 7. Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon was known for his raw abstract imagery of figures that appeared isolated in steel geometrical cages or glass, offering a poignant, often... More
  • 8. Marc Chagall

    Marc Chagall’s dreamy, poetic landscapes fused with religion and fantasy made him one of the most celebrated Russian artists of the 20th century. An... More
  • 9. Alberto Giacometti

    Alberto Giacometti (October 10, 1901 – January 11, 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman, and printmaker.Born in Borgonovo, now part of the... More
  • 10. Edgar Degas

    Edgar Degas, born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially ident... More
  • 12. Joan Miro

    Joan Miró was an influential Spanish painter during the 20th century.Born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893, he studied first at the Barcelona School of... More
  • 13. Amedeo Modigliani

    The Italian painter and sculptor Amedeo Modigliani (1884–1920) is best known for his elegant portraits of women with mask-like, oval faces, elongate... More
  • 15. Mark Rothko

    Latvian-born Jewish American painter Mark Rothko was one of the most influential proponents of mid-20th century abstract expressionism, although he re... More
  • 16. Fernand Leger

    Fernand Léger was born in Argentan, France in 1881. He moved to Paris in 1900 where he supported himself by working as an architectural draftsman. Wh... More
  • 17. Jean-Michel Basquiat

    American artist Jean-Michel Basquiat first came to prominence as a graffiti writer in New York City, and subsequently as a wildly successful 1980s Neo... More
  • 18. Roy Lichtenstein

    Roy Lichtenstein was born in New York in 1923. Nextto Andy Warhol he is considered to be the great artist of the Pop Art movement.The use of familiar ... More
  • 19. Vincent van Gogh

    Although he managed to sell only one painting, and died penniless and feeling misunderstood, Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh is today considered an art... More
  • 20. Willem de Kooning

    Dutch-born painter Willem de Kooning was one of the most important members of post-war American art, defining it with his brand of Abstract Expression... More
  • 21. Qi Baishi

  • 22. Alexander Calder

    AlexanderCalder (1898-1976) received a degree in mechanical engineering at StevensInstitute of Technology (New Jersey) prior tostudying at the Art Stu... More
  • 23. Camille Pissarro

    Pissarro is regarded as one of the guiding lights of the Impressionist circle, and indeed was the only artist to include paintings in all eight Impres... More
  • 24. Lucio Fontana

    Lucio Fontana (1899–1968) founded Spatialism, a movement developed in the late-1940s in response to advances in science that focused on matter, stro... More
  • 25. Rene Magritte

    Born in Lessine, Wallonia, Belgian surrealist artist René Magritte (1898-1967) is known for his disproportionate, often clever and somewhat humorous ... More
  • 27. Egon Schiele

    Egon Schiele (June 12, 1890 – October 31, 1918) (pronounced /?i?l?/ approximately SHEE-luh) was an Austrian painter, a protégé of Gust... More
  • 28. Damien Hirst

    Contemporary English artist Damien Hirst (born June 7, 1965) is the most prominent of the group known as the Young British Artists (YBA).Hirst first a... More
  • 30. Gustav Klimt

    Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouvea... More
  • 31. Pierre Bonnard

    Pierre Bonnard (3 October 1867 – 23 January 1947) was a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of Les Nabis.Bonnard was born in... More
  • 33. Edvard Munch

    Edvard Munch (1863–1944) was a Norwegian painter who built upon the tenets of Symbolism and became a leader of the modern Expressionist movement. Hi... More
  • 34. Maurice de Vlaminck

    Maurice de Vlaminck (April 4, 1876 – October 11, 1958) was a French painter, printmaker and author. Along with André Derain and Henri Matis... More
  • 35. Yves Klein

    Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European art. New York critics of Klein... More
  • 36. Jeff Koons

    Jeff Koons was born in York, PA in 1955. He obtained a B.F.A at The Maryland Institute, College of Art, Baltimore, and also studied at the Art Institu... More
  • 37. Jean Dubuffet

    Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985)began painting at the age of seventeen and studied briefly at the AcadémieJulian, Paris.He lived in Montparnasse, where,... More
  • 38. Wassily Kandinsky

    Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsk (16 December 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with paintin... More
  • 40. Zao Wou-Ki

    Zao Wou-Ki (born 13 February 1921 in Beijing) is a Chinese-French painter.He was born in a cultivated family and studied calligraphy in his childhood ... More
  • 42. Cy Twombly

    Cy Twombly (born April 25, 1928) is an American abstract artist.Twombly was born in Lexington, Virginia. From 1947 to 1949 he studied at the School of... More
  • 43. Alfred Sisley

    Alfred Sisley (1839-1899) was an Anglo-French Impressionist landscape painter, often overlooked by his peers despite serving as a steadfast example of... More
  • 45. Georges Braque

    Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art ... More
  • 46. Jasper Johns

    Painter, sculptor, and printmaker, Jasper Johns became one of America's best-known post-Abstract Expressionists and Minimalists. His name is most asso... More
  • 47. Paul Signac

    Paul Victor Jules Signac ( 11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935) was a French neo-impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develo... More
  • 48. Salvador Dali

    Grand master of provocation, virtuoso of the eccentric, Salvador Dali is known the world over. The artist dominated his time by occupying a major plac... More
  • 49. Canaletto

    Giovanni Antonio Canal (17  October 1697 – 19 April 1768) better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of landscapes, or vedute, of Venice... More
  • 51. Fu Baoshi

  • 52. Paul Klee

    Paul Klee was one of the most important figures in the development of European abstract art in the first quarter of the 20th century.  His imager... More
  • 53. Edouard Manet

    Édouard Manet (1832-1883) was a 19th-century French painter who played a pivotal role in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.Born in Paris t... More
  • 54. Raoul Dufy

    Raoul Dufy was a painter of joy: his style, his subject matter, and his light, bright colors reflect a joy in life and in creating works which impart ... More
  • 55. Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn

    Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painte... More
  • 56. Giorgio de Chirico

    Born in Greece in 1888 to Italian parents, in the years before World War 1 Giorgio de Chirico founded the Metaphysical Art movement that would later i... More
  • 57. Juan Gris

    José Victoriano González-Pérez (1887–1927), better known as Juan Gris, was the thirteenth child of a rich Madrid merchant. Often referred to as t... More
  • 58. Lucian Freud

    Lucian Michael Freud (1922–2011) was a British draughtsman and painter widely recognized as one of the greatest portrait painters of the 20th centur... More
  • 59. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

    Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa or simply Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901) was a French painter, printm... More
  • 60. Max Ernst

    German artist, Max Ernst, served in the army for his country only to return home from the First World War disillusioned by the atrocities of the war a... More
  • 62. Emil Nolde

    Emil Nolde (7 August 1867 – 13 April 1956) was a German painter and printmaker. He was one of the first Expressionists, a member of Die Brücke, and... More
  • 63. Jackson Pollock

    Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an influential American painter and a major force in the abstract expressionist mo... More
  • 64. Li Keran

  • 65. Maurice Utrillo

    Maurice Utrillo, born Maurice Valadon, (December 26, 1883 - November 5, 1955) was a French painter who specialized in cityscapes. Born in the Montmart... More
  • 66. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

    Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (May 6, 1880 – June 15, 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists gro... More
  • 67. Richard Prince

    Richard Prince, (born 1949 in the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, now part of Republic of Panama) is an American painter and photographer. His work... More
  • 69. Peter Paul Rubens

    Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish painter whose devout Catholicism greatly influenced his works. Known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, his myth... More
  • 71. Joan Mitchell

    Joan Mitchell (February 12, 1925 - October 30, 1992) was a ‘Second Generation’ Abstract Expressionist painter. Along with Lee Krasner, Gra... More
  • 72. Piet Mondrian

    Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan, after 1906 Mondrian (March 7, 1872 – February 1, 1944) was a Dutch painter.He was an important contributor to the ... More
  • 73. Donald Judd

    Donald Clarence Judd (June 3, 1928 - February 12, 1994) was a minimalist artist (a term he stridently disavowed) whose work sought autonomy and clarit... More
  • 78. Zeng Fanzhi

    Zeng Fanzhi (born 1964, Wuhan, China) is an artist based in Beijing.Zeng Fanzhi has exhibited internationally in shows including the First Triennial o... More
  • 80. Sam Francis

    American painter andprintmaker Sam Francis, born in 1923 in SanMateo, California, isrenowned for his California Abstract Expressionist work. His caree... More
  • 81. Robert Rauschenberg

    Robert Milton Ernest Rauschenberg (b. October 22, 1925 in Port Arthur, Texas) is an American artist who came to prominence in the 1950s transition fro... More
  • 83. Giorgio Morandi

    Giorgio Morandi was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life. His paintings are noted for their tonal subtlety in depicting app... More
  • 84. Tom Wesselmann

    Tom Wesselmann (February 23, 1931 - December 17, 2004) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio and was an American pop artist who specialized in found art collag... More
  • 86. Edward Ruscha

    Edward Ruscha was born in Omaha, Nebraskain 1937. He is well known not only for his paintings but also for hisphotography and films. Ruscha's flat... More
  • 87. Eugene Boudin

    Eugène Boudin (12 July 1824 – 8 August 1898) was one of the first French landscape painters to paint outdoors. Boudin was a marine painter, and exp... More
  • 88. Franz Kline

    Franz Kline (May 23, 1910 – May 13, 1962) was an American painter mainly associated with the Abstract Expressionist painters who were centered, geog... More
  • 91. Richard Diebenkorn

    Born in Portland, Oregon, Richard Diebenkorn became a key figure in the Bay Area (San Francisco, Oakland) figurative school of painting. Diebenkorn st... More
  • 92. Lyonel Feininger

    Lyonel Charles Feininger (July 17, 1871 – January 13, 1956) was a German-American painter, and a leading exponent of Expressionism. He also worked a... More
  • 93. Fernando Botero

    Fernando Botero Angulo (born April 19, 1932 in Medellin, Antioquia) is a Colombian neo-figurative artist, self-titled "the most Colombian of Colo... More
  • 96. Jean Baptiste Camille Corot

    Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot was a French landscape painter and printmaker in etching. Corot was the leading painter of the Barbizon school&n... More
  • 99. Frank Stella

    Frank Stella was born in Maiden, Massachusetts in 1936. He studied at Phillips Academy, Andover, and then at Princeton University. One year after his ... More
  • 100. Marino Marini

    Born in 1901 in Pistoia, Marini was trained as a painter in the great Renaissance art center of Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti. He drew small ... More
  • 101. Raphael

  • 104. Wayne Thiebaud

    Born in Mesa, Arizonain 1920, Wayne Thiebaud started his career as a commercial artist. From 1938 to1949, he worked as a sign painter, an illustrator,... More
  • 105. Rufino Tamayo

    Rufino Tamayo, one of the best known Latin American artists, was a Zapotecan Indian born in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. He moved to Mexico City where... More
  • 106. Bernard Buffet

    Bernard Buffet (10 July 1928 – 4 October 1999) was a French painter of Expressionism and a member of the anti-abstract art group "L'homme Témoin" (... More
  • 111. San-Yu

  • 112. David Hockney

    One of the most widelyacclaimed of all living artists, Hockney's popularity is based on the enormous,continuing appeal of his pictures and the pop... More
  • 114. Sigmar Polke

    While still a student at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf, Polke, among Richter and others, became a founding member of the school of “Capit... More
  • 115. Lu Yanshao

  • 116. Serge Poliakoff

    Serge Poliakoff (January 8, 1906 – October 12, 1969) was a Russian-born French modernist painter belonging to the 'New' Ecole de Paris (Tachisme).Se... More
  • 120. Christopher Wool

    Christopher Wool (b.1955, Chicago) is an American artist residing in New York City. Since the 1980s, Wool's studio practice has incorporated issues su... More
  • 125. Karel Appel

    Karel Appel (April 25, 1921[1]–May 3, 2006) was a Dutch painter and sculptor, born in Amsterdam.Christiaan Karel Appel was born in his parents' hous... More
  • 126. Georges Rouault

    Georges Henri Rouault (27 May 1871 – 13 February 1958) was a French Fauvist and Expressionist painter, and printmaker in lithography and etching.Rou... More
  • 128. Peter Doig

    Doig was born in Edinburgh, and moved with his family to Trinidad in 1962, where his father worked with a shipping and trading company, and then to Ca... More
  • 129. Philip Guston

    Louis and Rachel Goldstein, with six children, emigrate from Odessa, Ukraine, Russia, settling in Montreal, Canada, c. 1905.1913    &nb... More
  • 130. Albert Marquet

    Albert Marquet (27 March 1875 – 14 June 1947) was a French painter, associated with the Fauvist movement. He initially became one of the Fauve paint... More
  • 137. Jean Arp

     Jean Arp (16 September 1886 – 7 June 1966) was a German-French, or Alsatian, sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such a... More
  • 138. Tamara de Lempicka

    Tamara de Lempicka (Łempicka) (16 May 1898 – 18 March 1980), born Maria Górska in Warsaw, Poland, was a Polish Art Deco painter.Born into a wealth... More
  • 140. Georg Baselitz

    George Baselitz's artistic talents cover a mélange of skills including printmaker, draughtsman, sculptor and painter. However it is the realm... More
  • 141. Huang Zhou

  • 143. Marie Laurencin

    Poet and painter Marie Laurencin was associated with modernist circles in Paris. Beginning in 1907, Laurencin was muse and companion to the famed poet... More
  • 145. Agnes Martin

    Agnes Martin (March 22, 1912 – December 16, 2004) was a Canadian-American painter, often referred to as a minimalist, although she considered he... More
  • 146. Yue Minjun

    Yue Minjun is a contemporary Chinese artist based in Shanghai, China. He is best known for oil paintings depicting himself in various settings, frozen... More
  • 148. Takashi Murakami

    Takashi Murakami is a prolific contemporary Japanese artist who works in both fine arts media, such as painting, as well as digital and commercial med... More
  • 159. Keith Haring

    Born on the 4th of May, 1958 in Kutztown, Pennsylvania.1977/78 school of arts, Pittsburgh. 1978 the formerly "recalcitrant" and rather timid... More
  • 160. Jean-Paul Riopelle

    Jean-Paul Riopelle, (7 October 1923 – 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec, Canada. He became the first Canadian painter (since Jam... More
  • 161. Anselm Kiefer

    Anselm Kiefer (born March 8, 1945, Donaueschingen) is a German painter and sculptor. He studied with Joseph Beuys during the 1970s. His works incorpor... More
  • 164. Max Pechstein

    Hermann Max Pechstein (December 31, 1881 – June 29, 1955) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker, and a member of the Die Brücke group.M... More
  • 165. Pierre Soulages

    Pierre Soulages (born December 24, 1919) is a French painter, engraver, and sculptor.Born in Rodez (Aveyron) in 1919, Soulage... More
  • 166. Antoni Tapies

    Antoni Tàpies i Puig, 1st Marquess of Tàpies (13 December 1923 – 6 February 2012) was a Catalan painter, sculptor and art theorist, who became one... More
  • 167. Frank Auerbach

    Frank Helmut Auerbach (born April 29, 1931) is a German-born British painter. His work typically portrays either one of a small group of mainly female... More
  • 169. Robert Indiana

    Robert Indiana, also known as Robert Clark (born September 13, 1928) is an American artist associated with the Pop Art movement.Robert Indiana was bor... More
  • 170. Arman

    Arman (November 17, 1928 – October 22, 2005) was a French-born American artist. Born Armand Pierre Fernandez in Nice, France, Arman is a painter who... More
  • 171. Edward Hopper

    Edward Hopper (July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967) was an American painter and printmaker. While most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was eq... More
  • 173. Andreas Gursky

    One might say that Andreas Gursky learned photography three times. Born in 1955, he grew up in Düsseldorf, the only child of a successful commerc... More
  • 174. Albert Bierstadt

    Albert Bierstadt was the most esteemed and widely-known painter of the American West during the second half of the nineteenth century. His paintings r... More
  • 175. Chen Yifei

  • 177. Louise Bourgeois

    Louise Bourgeois was born on December 25, 1911, in Paris. As a teenager, Bourgeois assisted her parents in their tapestry-restoration business, making... More
  • 179. Gino Severini

    Gino Severini, one of the leading artists of the Futurist movement, began experimenting with etchings in 1909 after he moved to Paris. In the beginnin... More
  • 183. Maqbool Fida Husain

    Over the last five decades, Maqbool Fida Husain has experimented with various media including painting, poetry, films, print making, sculpture and pho... More
  • 185. Josef Albers

    Josef Albers (March 19, 1888 – March 25, 1976) was a German-born American artist and educator whose work, both in Europe and in the United States, f... More
  • 186. Ellsworth Kelly

    Since the late 1940s Kelly has explored the power of abstract form through meticulous geometry to create paintings and sculptures which reveal an extr... More
  • 187. Irma Stern

  • 189. Franz Marc

  • 191. Anish Kapoor

    Anish Kapoor (born 1952) is a Turner Prize winning sculptor. Kapoor was born in Bombay (Mumbai), India, and attended the Doon School, located in Dehra... More
  • 193. Christo

    Christo, the primary artist and designer of the duo's projects, was born 13 June 1935 in Gabrovo, Bulgaria. His father, Vladimir Javacheff, was a ... More
  • 194. Ju Ming

  • 195. Diego Rivera

    Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957, born Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrie... More
  • 199. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

    Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1 December 1884 – 10 August 1976) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker, and a member of Die Brücke.Karl Schmidt... More
  • 201. Andrew Wyeth

    Andrew Newell Wyeth (July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist styl... More
  • 205. Cindy Sherman

    By turning the camera on herself, Cindy Sherman has built a name as one of the most respected photographers of the late twentieth century. Although, t... More
  • 207. Wang Hui

  • 211. Asger Jorn

  • 216. Maximilien Luce

    Maximilien Luce was born in 1858 to a working-class Parisian family. Despite his modest beginnings, Luce went on to become one of the founders of the ... More
  • 224. Yayoi Kusama

    Yayoi Kusama  is a Japanese artist. Her paintings, collages, soft sculptures, performance art and environmental installations all share an obsess... More
  • 226. Victor Vasarely

    Victor Vasarely; born Vásárhelyi Győző was a Hungarian-French artist whose work is generally seen as aligned with Op-art. &nbs... More
  • 227. Robert Motherwell

    Robert Motherwell was born in Aberdeen, Washington in 1915.  His extensive academic career began at age 11 when he studied art at Otis Art Instit... More
  • 230. John Chamberlain

    John Chamberlain (b. 1927) studied at TheArt Institute of Chicago and Black Mountain Collegein North Carolina.Since the beginning of his career in the... More
  • 231. Arshile Gorky

    Arshile Gorky (April 15, 1904 – July 21, 1948) was an Armenian-born American painter who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism.Gorky... More
  • 235. Robert Ryman

    Robert Ryman (born May 30, 1930) is an American painter identified with the movements of monochrome painting, minimalism, and conceptual art. The majo... More
  • 245. Frans Hals

  • 247. Maurizio Cattelan

    Maurizio Cattelan was born in Padua in 1960. He has had solo exhibitions in the most distinguished museums worldwide such as the Museum of Modern Art,... More
  • 248. Pu Ru

  • 250. Morris Louis

     Morris Louis was born Morris Louis Bernstein in Baltimore in 1912, and at fifteen won a scholarship to the Maryland Institute of Fine and Applie... More
  • 251. Titian

  • 252. Man Ray

    Emmanuel Radnitzky (August 27, 1890–November 18, 1976), known professionally as Man Ray, was an American artist who spent most of his career in ... More
  • 257. Milton Avery

    Milton Avery was an American modern painter.  The son of a tanner, Avery began working at a local factory at the age of 16 and supported him... More
  • 258. Liu Ye

  • 261. Cesar

  • 262. Xie Zhiliu

  • 264. Fang Lijun

    Fang Lijun (born 1963, Handan, Hebei province, China) is an artist based in Beijing.He has shown work internationally in exhibitions including The Nex... More
  • 266. Wang Guangyi

    Wang Guangyi (1956/7 – ), is a Chinese artist known for being the leader of the New Art Movement circles that erupted out of China after 1989 an... More
  • 267. Eduardo Chillida

    Eduardo Chillida Juantegui, or Eduardo Txillida Juantegi in Basque, (10 January 1924 – 19 August 2002) was a Spanish Basque sculptor notable for his... More
  • 270. Adolph Gottlieb

    Adolph Gottlieb (1903-1974)attended lectures by Robert Henri and studied painting under John Sloan at theArt Students League (New York); he also atten... More
  • 272. Yoshitomo Nara

     Yoshitomo Nara, born 5 December 1959 in Hirosaki, Japan, is a Japanese artist. He lives and works in Tokyo, though his artwork has been exhibite... More
  • 274. Brice Marden

    Brice Marden (born October 15, 1938), American, generally described as a Minimalist artist, although his work defies specific categorization.He was bo... More
  • 276. Balthus

  • 278. Barbara Hepworth

    Born in Yorkshire and trained at Leeds School of Art and subsequentlythe Royal College of Art in London, Hepworth left London at theoutbreak of the Wa... More
  • 283. Cuno Amiet

  • 288. Georges Mathieu

    Georges Mathieu (January 27, 1921 – June 10, 2012) was a French painter in the style of Tachisme and/or Lyrical Abstraction.Mathieu was born in Boul... More
  • 290. Otto Dix

    Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (December 2, 1891 – July 25, 1969) was a German painter and printmaker. Noted for his ruthless depictions of Weimar so... More
  • 293. Marlene Dumas

    Dumas’s formal mastery belies the complexity of her conceptual preoccupations and she is thus widely considered to be one of today’s most ... More
  • 296. Bruce Nauman

    Bruce Nauman (born December 6, 1941, in Fort Wayne, Indiana) is a contemporary American artist. His practice spans a broad range of media including sc... More
  • 300. Niki de Saint Phalle

    Niki de Saint Phalle, born Catherine-Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle (October 29, 1930–May 22, 2002) was a French sculptor, painter, and fi... More
  • 306. Andre Lhote

    André Lhote (5 July 1885 – 24 January 1962) was a French sculptor and painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also... More
  • 313. Bridget Riley

    Bridget Louise Riley CH CBE (born April 24, 1931 in Norwood, London) is an English painter who is one of the foremost proponents of op art, art that e... More
  • 316. Edouard Cortes

    Édouard Leon Cortès is known as ‘le Poete Parisien de la Peinture’ or the Parisian Poet of Painting because of his beautiful and diverse Pa... More
  • 317. El Greco

  • 322. Frederick Carl Frieseke

    Frederick Carl Friesekewas among the group of American Impressionist artists who settled in the Frenchvillage of Giverny,forty miles northwest of Pari... More
  • 325. Helen Frankenthaler

    Helen Frankenthaler was bornin New Yorkin 1928 where she was to spend most of her life. She studied at a number of artschools and was taught at one st... More
  • 341. Karl Hofer

    Karl Christian Ludwig Hofer or Carl Hofer (11 October 1878 in Karlsruhe – 3 April 1955 Berlin) was a German expressionist painter. One of the most p... More
  • 346. Matta

  • 352. Paul Henry

  • 353. Philips Wouwerman

    Philips Wouwerman (also Wouwermans) (24 May 1619 (baptized) – 19 May 1668) was a Dutch painter of hunting, landscape and battle scenes. Philips... More
  • 354. Pierre Alechinsky

    Pierre Alechinsky (born 19 October 1927) is a Belgian artist. He has lived and worked in France since 1951. His work is related to Tachisme, Abstract ... More
  • 356. Ram Kumar

  • 362. Subodh Gupta

    Subodh Gupta was born in Khagaul, Bihar (1964). He did his BFA (Painting) from the College of Art Patna (1983- 88).He has had several solo shows inclu... More
  • 366. Thomas Hart Benton

    The central figure in the Regionalist movement, Benton used his art to elevate the experiences of everyday people and ordinary events. His work is cha... More
  • 369. William Merritt Chase

    One of America’s Impressionist masters, William Merritt Chase achieved extraordinary success as an artist and art instructor at the turn of the ... More