Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

German, b. 1881 - d. 1955

Place of Birth: Eckersbach

Place of Death: Berlin

Biography

Max Pechstein was a German painter and printmaker. He was also a member of Die Brücke, a group of German Expressionist artists. Pechstein is best known for painting nudes and landscapes.

Education and Die Brücke

Pechstein was born in Zwickau on December 31, 1881. His father was a craftsman in a textile mill. Pechstein apprenticed as a decorator for four years between 1896 and 1900 in Zwickau. In 1900, he moved to Dresden and enrolled to study at the Kunstgewerbeschule under Otto Gussmann. He met Erich Heckel in 1906 and through him, came in contact with members of Die Brücke, the group Heckel had founded the year before. The Brücke were already developing a reputation as an important association in the rise of German Expressionism. Pechstein soon joined the group; he was the only member who had trained formally in painting as most of the group’s founders were students of architecture. He stayed close to this group for the next four years, painting in Heckel and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's studios. As a student, Pechstein’s work had been closer to the Impressionist style but soon, influenced by other members of the Brücke as well as Expressionist artists like Henri Matisse, his brushstrokes became more vigorous and colors more jarring. Along with Heckel and Kirchner, Pechstein also painted “en plein air.”

After traveling to Italy and France in 1907 and 1908, Pechstein returned to Germany and settled in Berlin. His work was shown at the Berliner Sezession in 1909, but rejected the following year. Along with other artists rejected in 1910, Pechstein founded the Neue Sezession and was made its chairman. Following his association with the Berliner Sezession, Pechstein was expelled from Die Brücke. The group disbanded the following year.

Recognition

Pechstein developed an interest in “primitive” art like many other Expressionist painters and travelled to Palau in the western Pacific around 1914 where he painted a number of “exotic” subjects. Eventually his work acquired features like thick black lines and angular figures. Pechstein never broke entirely with the Expressionist style and for this reason many consider him a conservative artist. Perhaps it was this approach that also brought him greater recognition and financial success than many of his contemporaries from the Brücke. In 1916, the first monograph on Pechstein’s work was published, followed by more books. He also received commissions to decorate houses and make designs for stained glass windows. He returned to Germany at the outbreak of World War I. At the end of the war, he joined two socialist groups — Novembergruppe and Arbeitsrat für kunst.

Later Years

In 1922, Pechstein became member of the Preussische Akademie der Künste in Berlin and took up a teaching position at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste. The German government commissioned him to design a stained glass window for the building of the International Labor Office in Geneva in 1926. With the rise of the Nazis, Pechstein suffered because of his political position. His work was labeled “degenerate” and censored in 1933. He was also forced to resign from his teaching position and the following year, was removed from the Preussische Akademie der Künste. He spent part of World War II hiding in rural Pomerania. He was reinstated to his earlier position after the war and received many honors.

Pechstein died on June 29, 1955, in West Berlin.

Born:December 31, 1881

Style:Expressionist

See his work at:

BERLIN: Brücke Museum

DETROIT: Detroit Institute of Arts

NEW YORK: Museum of Modern Art

RICHMOND: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

Died:June 29, 1955

See More Lots FOR FREE
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ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1992 - 2010)

2261

MAX PRICE

$3,776,831

AVG PRICE

$407,616

TOTAL SALES (1992 - 2010)

$23,234,133

 B?ume by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

B?ume

Sotheby's, New York

December 15, 2014

$28,125  USD

 Fischerkopf XI by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Fischerkopf XI

Christie's, South Kensington

December 4, 2014

 USD

 Beim Haaraufstecken by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Beim Haaraufstecken

Christie's, South Kensington

December 4, 2014

$1,957  USD

 Am Ufer by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Am Ufer

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 29, 2014

$2,100  USD

 Selbstbildnis Mit Pfeife by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Selbstbildnis Mit Pfeife

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 29, 2014

$2,801  USD

 Stillende Mutter by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Stillende Mutter

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 29, 2014

$778  USD

 Fischer Am Strand by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Fischer Am Strand

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 28, 2014

 USD

 Schnapsbude I by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Schnapsbude I

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 28, 2014

$5,602  USD

 Zwiesprache by Max Pechstein

Max Pechstein

Zwiesprache

Villa Grisebach Auktionen, Berlin

November 28, 2014

$9,336  USD

News

A Double-Sided Max Pechstein Canvas, Token of the Expressionist's Poverty, Sets $4.6 Million Auction Record

By ARTINFO France | December 15, 2011

At German auction house Ketterer Kunst's modern and contemporary sale in Munich this past Saturday, an intriguing painting by German Expressionist Max Pechstein fetched €3.5 million...

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