Joan Miro

Nationality: Spanish

Birth Year: 1893

Death Year: 1983

Place of Birth: Barcelona, Spain

Place of Death: Palma de Mallorca, Spain

Biography

Joan Miró (1893 – 1983) 
Date of Birth: April 20, 1893
Date of Death: December 25, 1983
Place of Birth: Barcelona, Spain
Occupation: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics
Movement: Surrealism
Education: Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes, Barcelona; Escola d’Art, Barcelona
Joan Miró was an influential Spanish artist of the 20th century who famously rejected traditional methods of painting. His work has long been categorized as Surrealist, a free expression of the subconscious mind. Miró was a painter, sculptor and ceramicist. 
Early Life and Work
Born in Barcelona in the Catalonia region of Spain on April 20, 1893, he began studying at La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes in Barcelona in 1907. At the same time, Miró enrolled in business school as his father, a watchmaker, and mother, a goldsmith, wanted him to have a stable vocation. Miró worked as a clerk for nearly two years after completing school, however, he decided to give up the business world and devote himself to art after suffering a nervous breakdown. He enrolled at Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915 to continue his education. Encouraged by the art dealer José Dalmau, Miró presented his first exhibition in 1918 at the Dalmau Galleries in Barcelona. 
Miró’s early works showcase an impressive range of stylistic influences—the vivid colors of Fauvism, fractured forms of Cubist perspective, the flatness of the Catalan folk art and Spanish Romanesque frescoes and 17th century Dutch Realism. 
Experimentation and Transformation
Miró made his first trip to Paris in 1920 and by 1921, he had moved permanently to the city. He quickly became a denizen of the artistic community in Montparnasse, where association with Surrealist poets and writers of the day became crucial in the development of his mature style. His first solo exhibition in Paris, organized by Dalmau, was held in 1921 at La Licorne Gallery. In 1928, Miró was part of an exhibition by Surrealist painters in Paris. In spite of his personal and professional associations, Miró retained his individuality in style and ideology and experimented with new forms throughout his career.   
By the late 1920s, Miró’s work took a new turn when he began to experiment with collages, lithographs and sculptures. His Surrealist sculptures included painted stones and found objects. Drawing on themes of memory, fantasy, and irrationality, Miró produced paintings that could be described as the visual manifestations of Surrealist poetry—reveries with a sense of humor, depictions of warped animals, twisted organic forms and bizarre geometric assemblages. Typically, works by Miró during this period featured amorphous shapes interspersed with clusters of lines, dots, and squiggles. Miró exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, in 1936 and in 1937, he was commissioned to create a monumental work for the Paris World Fair. He created an anti-war mural called “The Reaper” which was 5.5 meters high. A retrospective of Miró’s work was held at the MoMA in New York in 1941. 
During World War II, Miró fled France and moved back to Spain. He undertook a series of 23 gouaches that comprised images of birds, women and the moon—themes he would continue to revisit for the rest of his career—titled “Constellations,” earning him the praise of Andre Bréton, the father of Surrealism. 
Miró continued to produce ethereal works, gradually whittling his figures into biomorphic abstractions and streaks of color. The artist also continued his experiments with etchings and lithography, producing two large-scale ceramic murals installed at the UNESCO building in Paris, titled “Wall of the Moon” and “Wall of the Sun,”(1957–59).
The late 1960s marked the onset of his final artistic period. During this time, Miró focused on public art works, developing monumental pieces for public display. In particular, he felt the influence of the French Art Informel movement, distinguished by the attention to bodily language and eschewing of representational form. 
Recognition
Miró was awarded the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the Venice Biennale in 1954 and the Guggenheim International Award in 1958. Retrospectives of his work took place at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1962, and the Grand Palais, Paris, in 1974. In 1978 the Musée National d’Art Moderne held another major retrospective of his drawings, exhibiting over 500 works. In 1976, the Joan Miró Foundation Center of Contemporary Art Study opened in Barcelona. Three years later, the University of Barcelona named the legendary artist Doctor Honoris Causa. 
Miró died in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, on December 25, 1983.
Museum/Collections: 
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona
Tate Modern, London
Museum of Modern Art, New York
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
 

 

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ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1989 - 2010)

10463

MAX PRICE

$17,065,000

AVG PRICE

$2,887,964

TOTAL SALES (1989 - 2010)

$225,261,219

 Constellations by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Constellations

Tajan, Paris

May 21, 2015

$2,839  USD

 Mir? sculpteur by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Mir? sculpteur

Tajan, Paris

May 21, 2015

 USD

 Untitled by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Untitled

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$4,729  USD

 Litografia para la Asociaci?n Internacional de Artes Pl?sticas by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Litografia para la Asociaci?n Internacional de Art

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$4,868  USD

 Mir? as sculptor by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Mir? as sculptor

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$1,947  USD

 L'Issue D?rob? by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

L'Issue D?rob?

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$2,503  USD

 Plakat zur Er?ffnung der Fundaci? Joan Mir? Barcelona by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Plakat zur Er?ffnung der Fundaci? Joan Mir? Barcel

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$3,894  USD

 Gaudi IX by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Gaudi IX

Dorotheum, Vienna

May 21, 2015

$5,007  USD

 Oda a Joan Miro by Joan Miro

Joan Miro

Oda a Joan Miro

De Vuyst, Lokeren

May 16, 2015

$6,834  USD

News

Sotheby’s Kicks Off New York's Auction Season With a Bang

By Judd Tully | May 6, 2015

Dominated by trophy works by the likes of Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Pablo Picasso, Sotheby’s unleashed a rousing $368.3 million evening sale of Impressionist and Modern Art, setting the...

Painting for the Label: Usher the Year of the Ram with Mouton Rothschild

By Nicholas Forrest | December 29, 2014

Wine connoisseurs have yet another reason to indulge in a bottle of Château Mouton Rothschild, with 2015 being the Chinese Year of the Ram (Sheep/Goat) – an animal that is also the emblem of...

Manet Steals the Show at Christie's

By Judd Tully | November 6, 2014

An Impressionist-era painting by Edouard Manet starred in an otherwise modest Impressionist and Modern evening sale on Wednesday that tallied $165,635,000.The Manet's higher-than-expected...

SF Offers George Lucas Museum Spot, Sotheby's Wrecks Records, and More

By Ashton Cooper | February 6, 2014

— SF Offers George Lucas Museum Spot: The Presidio Trust has offered George Lucas an alternative location for his museum after rejecting his proposal for Crissy Field earlier this week. The Trust...

Christie's Axes Portugal Sale, Study Shows NEA Benefits All, and More

By Ashton Cooper,Rozalia Jovanovic | February 5, 2014

— Christie’s Drops Miro Sale After Protests in Portugal: On Tuesday, Christie’s auction house canceled a London sale of works by Surrealist painter Joan Miro after a...

Christie's Vaunted Jan Krugier Auction Falls Flat

By Judd Tully | November 6, 2013

Watch ARTINFO video on Krugier collection HERE. NEW YORK — In a dud of an evening sale and that was especially disappointing in its role as a major fall-season opener, Christie’s...

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SLIDESHOWS

Sotheby's Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

By Regina Mogilevskaya | May 4, 2015

Christie's Impressionist and Modern Art Evening

By Regina Mogilevskaya | November 6, 2014

Events

Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale

May 5 - May 5, 2015

Sotheby's, New York

Post-War & Contemporary Art

Feb 21 - Feb 21, 2015

Auctionata, Inc., New York

Modern Masters

Jan 22 - Jan 22, 2015

Auctionata, Inc., New York

Prints & Multiples

Jul 15 - Jul 16, 2014

Christie's, New York

Joan Miró: Graphic works

Apr 10 - Apr 28, 2013

Adam Gallery, London

Surrealist Art

Feb 5 - Feb 5, 2013

Sotheby's, London

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Galleries