Jackson Pollock Biography, Artwork, Galleries Online | BLOUIN ARTINFO
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Biography

Occupation: Painter
 
Jackson Pollock's Famous Artworks 
“Going West,” 1934
“Untitled (Landscape With Tree to Right),” 1936
“Mural,” 1943
“Shimmering Substance,” 1946
“Number 3,” 1948
“Number 5,” 1948
“Number 1,” 1948-49
“Number 8,” 1949
“Number 3,” 1949
“Number 1 (Lavender Mist),” 1950
“Number 11 (Blue Poles),” 1952
 
One of the best-known artists of the first half of the 20th century, Jackson Pollock created a body of work that has drawn the highest praise and outright scorn of critics. He is equally famous for the invention of different painting techniques, including the “dripping” technique.
 
Jackson Pollock's Early Life
Jackson Pollock’s parents, Stella May McClure and LeRoy Pollock, had five sons, of whom he was the youngest. LeRoy Pollock used to be a farmer, but later became a land surveyor. Jackson’s mother had an interest in art, and encouraged her children in its practice. The family moved around a fair bit due to LeRoy’s work, and Jackson first saw Native American art during survey trips with his father. LeRoy, however, was an unpleasant alcoholic, and abandoned his family when Jackson was eight. His elder brother Charles, also an artist, took care of him and was a major influence in his formative years.
 
Pollock joined the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles, but was expelled for fighting, having already been expelled from another school earlier. In 1930, he joined his brother Charles in New York. Charles encouraged Jackson to join him at the Art Students League where he was studying with Thomas Hart Benton. Pollock became very close to Benton’s family during this time.
 
Pollock had a lifelong battle with alcoholism, and his father’s death in 1933 came as a blow that exacerbated his problem. He fought with Benton’s wife and then with Charles, and had to leave Charles’ house where he used to live.
 
Jackson Pollock's Popular Drip Paintings
Pollock began working for the WPA Federal Art Project towards the end of the Great Depression. Though quite busy with work, his alcoholism did not abate, and in 1937 he started going to an analyst. The analyst encouraged Pollock’s interest in Native American art and Symbolism.
 
Pollock had begun to paint in a style that was quite different from his teacher’s by this time. He counted amongst his influences the murals of the Mexican artist Diego Rivera, Joan Miró, and Pablo Picasso.
 
Having been introduced to liquid paint in 1936, he began incorporating this medium in his work by the early 1940s. He also started moving completely away from more traditional forms of art, and painting in a more abstract style. He had begun painting in his “drip” style, and his best-known works date from 1947–50. Pollock would stretch his canvas on the floor, so he could work all around it. He would drip the paint on to the canvas in something that could almost be described as a dance, using all sorts of tools to do so. The brush would practically never touch the surface. In painting in this style he was able to reframe the concept of the line in art. This essentially made the process of making the painting an art in itself, and the style has also been described as “action painting.” Jackson Pollock's paintings carved a niche for them in the history of art. 
 
Jackson Pollock's Unease with Fame
Pollock began a relationship with Lee Krasner in 1942, although he had met her a few years earlier as well. They married in 1945. At around this time, he met Peggy Guggenheim, who took an immediate interest in his work. She gave him a contract, and helped him buy a house in the Springs in East Hampton. Here he built a studio, and had a very productive period for the next few years, his relationship with Krasner giving him the support he needed.
 
An article about him in “Life” magazine catapulted him into immediate, lasting fame. But though he was feted by the world at large, he began withdrawing into himself. The recognition he received did not sit well with him, and he began drinking very heavily and getting into violent fights. Despite being exhibited across major galleries across the world, Pollock was not at peace. 
 
Jackson Pollock's Alcoholism and Death
After the enormous success of his “drip” paintings, the new style he exhibited in 1950 did not work well with his audience, though the paintings are considered masterpieces today. He began using serial numbers instead of titles for his new work, and he painted in black and white for a while.
 
As for Krasner, who was an artist in her own right, the demands of taking care of an alcoholic husband were beginning to wear on her. Their marriage suffered, and by the mid 1950s Pollock was drinking huge amounts and again getting into fights at the local bar. He began meeting other women, and soon Krasner left for France to give him space.
 
By this time, Pollock had given up painting and started dating a woman named Ruth Kligman. On August 11, 1956, he was driving under the influence along with Kligman and her friend Edith Metzger when he crashed the car, injuring Kligman and killing himself and Metzger. Art lovers can buy Jackson Pollock's artworks online
 
Jackson Pollock's Major Exhibitions 
1943  -  Art of this Century, New York
1944  -  Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati
1944  -  Museum of Modern Art, New York
1945  -  San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco
1946  -  Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
1947  -  The Museum of Modern Art, New York
1948  -  Betty Parsons Gallery, New York
1948  -  XXIV Venice Biennale, Venice
1950  -  Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1950  -  Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1950  -  XXV Venice Biennale, Venice
1950  -  Museo Correr, Venice
1951  -  Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1951  -  Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1951  -  Palais de Beaux Arts, Brussels
1951  -  Kunsthaus, Zürich
1951  -  Museum of Folk Art, Berlin
1952  -  The Museum of Modern Art, New York
1952  -  Galerie de France, Paris
1952  -  Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1952  -  Studio Paul Facchetti, Paris
1953  -  Musée National d’art Moderne, Paris 
1956  -  XXVIII  Venice Biennale, Venice
1956  -  The Museum of Modern Art, New York
1956  -  Kunsthalle, Bern
1956  -  Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1956  -  Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1959  -  Documenta II, Kassel
1961  -  Marlborough Fine Art, London
1963  -  Moderna Museet, Stockholm
1980  -  Museum of Modern Art, New York
1982  -  Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1990  -  Gagosian Gallery, New York
1995  -  Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, East Hampton
1996  -  Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
1996  -  Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf
1997–98  -  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1998  -  Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
1998–99  -  Museum of Modern Art, New York
1998–99  -  Tate Gallery, London
1999  -  The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
2000  -  The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
 
Jackson Pollock's Museums/Collections
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas
Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, Springs
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC
Tate Gallery, London
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover
Kunsthaus, Zurich
Kunstmuseum, Basel
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
 
Books/Publications
“Jackson Pollock: The Life and Work of…” by Leonie Bennett 
“Jackson Pollock” by Ellen G. Landau
“Jackson Pollock: An American” by Steven Naifeh
“Jackson Pollock” by Mike Venezia
“Jackson Pollock: 1912-1956” by Leonhard Emmerling
“Jackson Pollock: An American Saga” by Gregory Smith and Steven Naifeh

 

ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1982 - 2009)

315

MAX PRICE

$10,500,000

AVG PRICE

$1,499,057

TOTAL SALES (1982 - 2009)

$71,954,747

 Featuring drip abstract composition by Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock

Featuring drip abstract composition

888 Auctions Inc, Ontario

August 2, 2018

$3,500  USD

 Calligraph by Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock

Calligraph

Phillips, London

June 26, 2018

 USD

 Untitled by Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock

Untitled

Swann Galleries, New York

May 22, 2018

$6,500  USD

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