David Hockney

Nationality: British

Birth Year: 1937

Place of Birth: Bedford, England

Specialities: Contemporary Art, Modern Art

Biography

David Hockney (1937-)
Date of Birth: July 9, 1937
Place of Birth: Bradford, England
Occupation: Painter, Printmaker, Draftsman, Stage Designer, Photographer
Movement: Pop Art, 
Education: Bradford School of Art, Bradford; Royal College of Art, London
David Hockney is a multi-talented artist whose career spans painting, printmaking, drafting, photography, and stage and costume design.
Early Life and Education
Hockney was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, in July, 1937, to Kenneth and Laura Hockney. He studied art techniques as a student at the Bradford School of Art between 1953 and 1957. In his final year at the school, his painting, “Portrait of my Father,” was exhibited and sold at the Leeds Art Gallery. For two years, he was a hospital orderly as part of his National Service duty. 
He studied at the Royal College of Art in 1959, being taught by Roger de Grey, Ruskin Spear, Ceri Richerds, and Carel Weight. 
Early Career
From 1960 to 1961, Hockney painted a great deal and his work was displayed at the Young Contemporaries exhibition at the Royal Society of British Artists Gallery (the RBA Galleries). He also won the Juniors Section Prize at the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Around this time, he met the art dealer John Kasmin and, in New York, the curator of prints at the Museum of Modern Art William, S. Lieberman. This set the tone for the rest of the decade. He met more people, expanded his interests, and produced newer and increasingly innovative work. His first solo exhibition held in 1963 at John Kasmin’s gallery was sold out. 
America
On subsequent trips to the USA, Hockney met the iconic artist Andy Warhol, writer Christopher Isherwood, and master printer Ken Tyler, among many other people. In 1963, he decided to move to California. It was here that he began working on his famous series of paintings of swimming pools. He taught for a while at the University of Colorado Boulder and the UCLA. He used experiences from his life to paint and friends, lovers, and relatives — all of whom became his subjects. In 1966, he met Peter Schlesinger, who went on to become his lover and most-preferred model. During this time, he also traveled to Italy, France, Lebanon, and Egypt.
Multiple Talents
“David Hockney: Paintings, Prints and Drawings 1960–1970,” was the first retrospective of the artist’s work. This opened in 1970 at London’s Whitechapel Art Gallery. It was in the same year that he made his first “joiner,” a technique of making photo collages, which he would continue to use later. In 1974, “A Bigger Splash,” a film on him made by Jack Hazan was released. The following year, he designed Igor Stravinsky’s “The Rake’s Progress” for the Glyndebourne Festival Opera, followed a few years later by “The Magic Flute.” 
After this, Hockney designed theater stage sets and costumes. His autobiography, “David Hockney by David Hockney,” was published in 1976. By the mid-1970s, his focus had moved to photography, printmaking, and set design, leaving paintingaside. 
It was only around 1984 that Hockney returned to painting, once again turning for inspiration to the people around him. As always, he maintained an interest in technology and began using photocopiers to make his prints at home. By the 1990s, his trips to Yorkshire became more frequent. Encouraged by his friend Jonathan Silver, he began to paint the local surroundings ‘en plein air.’
In 2007, Hockney painted his largest canvas, “Bigger Trees Near Warter” which was inspired by Yorkshire, and hung initially at the Royal Academy. The artist later donated the painting to Tate Britain in 2008.
Hockney’s interest in using technology to make art is evident from the portraits, still-lifes, and landscapes he has made using the application brushes on the iPhone and iPad. Apart from other exhibitions, his prints were exhibited at an exhibition in Dulwich Picture Gallery, Durham, from February to May 2014. 
MUSEUMS/COLLECTIONS
Tate Gallery, London,
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
De Young Museum, San Francisco
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
Books/Publications 
“72 Drawings,” by David Hockney
“David Hockney: Faces 1966–1984,”by David Hockney
“David Hockney's Dog Days,”by David Hockney
 

See More Lots FOR FREE
at Blouin Art Sales Index
ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1989 - 2009)

3511

MAX PRICE

$7,922,500

AVG PRICE

$781,027

TOTAL SALES (1989 - 2009)

$46,080,618

 Arranged felled trees by David Hockney

David Hockney

Arranged felled trees

Sotheby's, London

July 1, 2015

$5,299,660  USD

 Felled Totem, September 8th 2009 by David Hockney

David Hockney

Felled Totem, September 8th 2009

Sotheby's, London

July 1, 2015

 USD

 Self-portrait, July 1986 by David Hockney

David Hockney

Self-portrait, July 1986

Christie's, London

July 1, 2015

$18,526  USD

 Gregory in the Pool (Paper Pool 4) by David Hockney

David Hockney

Gregory in the Pool (Paper Pool 4)

Christie's, London

June 30, 2015

$757,332  USD

 Henry at the table by David Hockney

David Hockney

Henry at the table

Tiroche, Hertzelia Pituch

June 27, 2015

$5,060  USD

 Peter Langan Sleeping by David Hockney

David Hockney

Peter Langan Sleeping

Christie's, London

June 26, 2015

$51,178  USD

 Rubber Plant and Skeleton by David Hockney

David Hockney

Rubber Plant and Skeleton

Christie's, London

June 26, 2015

$126,763  USD

 The Studio March 28th 1995 by David Hockney

David Hockney

The Studio March 28th 1995

Phillips, London

June 11, 2015

$6,209  USD

 Sculpted Head by David Hockney

David Hockney

Sculpted Head

Sotheby's, London

June 9, 2015

$48,091  USD

News

Lifestyle Pick: Artsy Vintage Couture Pieces Hit the Block June 23

By Michelle Tay | June 19, 2015

Kerry Taylor Auctions’ “Passion for Fashion” sale comprises the most art history- and fashion history-rich trove of garments to hit the block in recent memory.Taking place in London on June 23,...

R.B. Kitaj's Iconography on View at Marlborough Fine Art

By Rachel Will | June 10, 2015

A survey of R.B. Kitaj’s works at Marlborough Fine Art will trace the triumph and tragedy of the late artist’s life from the 1950s to his death in 2007. Referred to as one of the most significant...

BMW Art Cars Celebrate 40th Anniversary at Villa d'Este

By Michelle Tay | May 20, 2015

When Alexander Calder became the first artist in 1975 to transform a BMW 3.0 CSL into a canvas on wheels, he only used primary colors, and swathed them in color blocks across the body of the...

Datebook: Top Lifestyle Auctions in March 2015

By Sonia Kolesnikov-Jessop | March 1, 2015

March 7, Sotheby’s, ParisDedicated to comic illustrations, this sale offers the opportunity to acquire works by the likes of Hergé, Hugo Pratt, Peyo, Gir-Moebius, Enki Bilal, François Schuiten,...

Ai Weiwei Helps Launch Digital Arts Platform

By Ashitha Nagesh | June 13, 2014

Ai Weiwei is one of a number of major artists to participate a new digital arts platform, supported by Arts Council England and the BBC. “The Space” was launched today, June 13, at Tate...

Meet Smiljan Radic, Architect of the 2014 Serpentine Pavilion

By Janelle Zara | March 17, 2014

In light of his predecessors — Pritzker winners Zaha Hadid, Herzog & de Meuron, and Frank Gehry among them — Smiljan Radic, the Santiago-based Chilean architect selected to...

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SLIDESHOWS

David Hockney in London and Paris

By Nicholas Forrest | May 15, 2015

Datebook: Lifestyle Auctions in March

By Sonia Kolesnikov-Jessop | March 1, 2015

Events

David Hockney: The Arrival of Spring

Apr 18 - Jun 6, 2015

PACE Beijing, Beijing

Photography

Feb 26 - Feb 26, 2015

Auctionata, Inc., New York

Post-War & Contemporary Art

Feb 21 - Feb 21, 2015

Auctionata, Inc., New York

Pop to popism

Nov 1, 2014 - Mar 1, 2015

Art Gallery of New South Wales-Perth, Sydney

David Hockney : Some New Painting

Nov 8, 2014 - Jan 10, 2015

The Pace Gallery, New York

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Galleries