Occupation: Painter, Printmaker, Draftsman, Stage Designer, Photographer
Movement: Pop Art 
Education: Bradford School of Art, Bradford; Royal College of Art, London
Famous Artworks 
“Nude,” 1957
"We Two Boys Clinging Together,” 1961
“Domestic Scene, Los Angeles,” 1963
“Beverly Hills Housewife,” 1966
“A Bigger Splash,” 1967
“Divine,” 1979
“Still Life Blue Guitar,” 1982
“Paint Trolley,” 1985
“Pearblossom Highway,” 1986
“Large Interior, Los Angeles,” 1988
“The Road to York through Sledmere,” 1997
“Bigger Trees Near Water,” 2007
David Hockney is a multi-talented artist whose career spans painting, printmaking, drafting, photography, and stage and costume design.
Early Life and Education
Hockney was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, in July, 1937, to Kenneth and Laura Hockney. He studied art techniques as a student at the Bradford School of Art between 1953 and 1957. In his final year at the school, his painting, “Portrait of my Father,” was exhibited and sold at the Leeds Art Gallery. For two years, he was a hospital orderly as part of his National Service duty. 
He studied at the Royal College of Art in 1959, being taught by Roger de Grey, Ruskin Spear, Ceri Richerds, and Carel Weight. 
Early Career
From 1960 to 1961, Hockney painted a great deal and his work was displayed at the Young Contemporaries exhibition at the Royal Society of British Artists Gallery (the RBA Galleries). He also won the Juniors Section Prize at the John Moores Liverpool Exhibition. Around this time, he met the art dealer John Kasmin and, in New York, the curator of prints at the Museum of Modern Art William, S. Lieberman. This set the tone for the rest of the decade. He met more people, expanded his interests, and produced newer and increasingly innovative work. His first solo exhibition held in 1963 at John Kasmin’s gallery was sold out. 
On subsequent trips to the USA, Hockney met the iconic artist Andy Warhol, writer Christopher Isherwood, and master printer Ken Tyler, among many other people. In 1963, he decided to move to California. It was here that he began working on his famous series of paintings of swimming pools. He taught for a while at the University of Colorado Boulder and the UCLA. He used experiences from his life to paint and friends, lovers, and relatives — all of whom became his subjects. In 1966, he met Peter Schlesinger, who went on to become his lover and most-preferred model. During this time, he also traveled to Italy, France, Lebanon, and Egypt.
Multiple Talents
“David Hockney: Paintings, Prints and Drawings 1960–1970,” was the first retrospective of the artist’s work. This opened in 1970 at London’s Whitechapel Art Gallery. It was in the same year that he made his first “joiner,” a technique of making photo collages, which he would continue to use later. In 1974, “A Bigger Splash,” a film on him made by Jack Hazan was released. The following year, he designed Igor Stravinsky’s “The Rake’s Progress” for the Glyndebourne Festival Opera, followed a few years later by “The Magic Flute.” 
After this, Hockney designed theater stage sets and costumes. His autobiography, “David Hockney by David Hockney,” was published in 1976. By the mid-1970s, his focus had moved to photography, printmaking, and set design, leaving paintingaside. 
It was only around 1984 that Hockney returned to painting, once again turning for inspiration to the people around him. As always, he maintained an interest in technology and began using photocopiers to make his prints at home. By the 1990s, his trips to Yorkshire became more frequent. Encouraged by his friend Jonathan Silver, he began to paint the local surroundings ‘en plein air.’
In 2007, Hockney painted his largest canvas, “Bigger Trees Near Warter” which was inspired by Yorkshire, and hung initially at the Royal Academy. The artist later donated the painting to Tate Britain in 2008.
Hockney’s interest in using technology to make art is evident from the portraits, still-lifes, and landscapes he has made using the application brushes on the iPhone and iPad. Apart from other exhibitions, his prints were exhibited at an exhibition in Dulwich Picture Gallery, Durham, from February to May 2014. 
1937  -  Born in Bradford
1953–57  -  Bradford College of Art, Bradford
1957–59  -  Worked in hospitals as a conscientious objector
1959–62  -  Royal College of Art, London
1962  -  Recipient, Gold Medal for Painting, Royal College of Art
1964  -  Instructor, University of Iowa, Iowa City
1965  -  Instructor, University of Colorado, Boulder
1967  -  Recipient, first prize, John Moores 
1969  -  Visiting Professor, Kunsthochschule, Hamburg
1997  -  Recipient, Companion of Honour Award, London
2003  -  Recipient, Lorenzo de Medici Lifetime Career Award, Florence
2004  -  Recipient, The Rosa d’Oro Award, Sicily
Lives and works in Bridlington, England and Los Angeles, USA
Major Exhibitions 
1963  -  Kasmin Gallery, London
1964  -  Alan Gallery, New York
1965  -  Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1965  -  Kasmin Gallery, London
1965  -  Palais de Beaux-Arts, Paris
1968  -  Museum of Modern Art, New York
1970  -  Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1973–75  -  Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris
1976  -  Nicholas Wilder Gallery, Los Angeles
1978  -  LA Louver Gallery, Venice, California
1981  -  Knoedler/Kasmin Gallery, London
1983  -  Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
1983  -  Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo
1983  -  Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago
1988  -  Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles
1988  -  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1988  -  The Tate Gallery, London
1989  -  Sao Paulo Biennale, Sao Paulo
1995  -  Royal Academy of Art, London
1995  -  Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles
2000  -  National Gallery, London
2000  -  Alan Cristea Gallery, London
2006  -  Andipa Gallery, London
2006  -  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 
2006  -  Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles
2006  -  Woodward Gallery, New York
2007  -  Louver Gallery, Venice, California
2007  -  Galleri Profilen, Aarhus
2007  -  Woodward Gallery, New York
2007  -  Cook Fine Art, New York
2008  -  Moderna Museet, Stockholm
2008  -  Krethlow (former Kabinett Bern), Bern
2009  -  Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica
2009  -  Kunsthaus, Zürich
2009  -  Galerie Boisserée, Cologne
2009  -  Mayor Gallery, London
2010  -  Kunstmuseum Ahlen, Ahlen
2011  -  Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek
2011  -  Yves Saint Laurent, Paris
2012  -  Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto
2013  -  Salts Mill Saltaire, West Yorkshire
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
Royal Academy of Arts Collection, London
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC
Tate Gallery, London
The Royal Collection, London
Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff
Brauer Museum of Art, Valparaiso
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland
Figge Art Museum, Davenport
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington DC
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles
Ludwig Museum of Contemporary Art, Budapest
Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester
Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
National Gallery of Art, WashingtonC
North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton
Reina Sofía National Museum, Madrid
Royal Academy of Arts, London
S.M.A.K. (Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst), Ghent
Southampton City Art Gallery, England
The British Museum, London
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester
David Hockney 6pc by Kenneth Silver
David Hockney: A Drawing Retrospective by Ulrich Luckhardt and Paul Melia
David Hockney by Marco Livingstone
David Hockney by Bruce Bassett
David Hockney: Early Drawings by Christopher Sykes
David Hockney: Space and Line by Marco Livingstone
David Hockney: Three Early Suites by Peter Webb
David Hockney: Retrospektive Photoworks by Reinhold Mistelbeck
David Hockney: The Biography by Christopher Simon Sykes
David Hockney by Peter Clothier



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David Hockney RA: 82 Portraits and 1 Still Life

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David Hockney, Tate Britain 2017

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