Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Swiss, b. 1901 - d. 1966

Place of Birth: Borgonovo, Switzerland

Place of Death: Chur, Switzerland

Specialities: Modern Art

Biography

 Alberto Giacometti

Swiss

Born: October 10, 1901/ Borgonovo, Switzerland

Died: January 11, 1966/Chur, Switzerland

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, and draughtsman. As the son of the post-
Impressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti and godson of Cuno Amiet, Alberto grew up around

artists and began painting and sculpting while still fairly young.

Early Life

Alberto was born in Borgonovo, a village close to the Swiss-Italian border and raised in the Val

Bregaglia Alpine Valley. He was educated in Geneva and Italy and later in Paris. His brothers

Diego and Bruno also grew up to become artists. Raised in an artistic atmosphere, Alberto

created his first bust in 1914–15 and oil painting in 1915.

Education

Giacometti moved to Paris in 1922 to study under the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle at the

Academie de la Grande Chaumiere. He was also influenced by the art of Jacques Lipchitz and

Fernand Leger, as can be seen from his early nudes and Cubist sculptures. By the mid-1920s,

Giacometti had developed an interest in African art, which had become popular in Europe

through the work of artists like Pablo Picasso and Andre Derain. The young artist first made

a mark with the works “Spoon Woman” and “The Couple,” shown in Paris at the Salon de

Tuileries in 1927. It was in the same year that he had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie

Aktuaryus in Zurich. Non-western art had a deep influence on him and following these early

successes, Giacometti began experimenting with creating flat heads and female figures, bringing

him to the attention of the Pierre Loeb Gallery, known for promoting the Surrealists.

Surrealism

In 1931, Giacometti became an active member of Andre Bretton’s group and the Surrealist

movement. Surrealist techniques, including dreamlike visions and magical treatment of objects

and figures remained an important part of his work even after he was expelled from the group in

1935, in spite of being one of its more prominent and gifted artists. “The Walking Woman,” a

sculpture made in 1932 was included in the Surrealist exhibition of 1936 in London. 

 Areas of Interest

Of Giacometti’s impressive body of work, the two major areas of interest that stand out are his

investigations into the nature of the human head and his substantial work on utilitarian objects

from ancient and primitive societies. In the second category, Giacometti contributed to the art

of sculpture the idea of “mobile and mute objects.” He also began making utilitarian objects

like wall light, lamps, and vases, which were sold by the interior designer Jean-Michel Frank.

Giacometti and Frank collaborated over many years on projects in Europe and even as far as

Buenos Aires.

However, it was his concern with the head that lay at the center of his artistic search. While for

most this was a common subject, Giacometti felt compelled to study the head and particularly

eyes as the core of human life. He began working on the subject regularly from the early 1930s

and among the models for his studies were his brother Diego, friend Isabel Delmer, and Rita

Gueyfier, a professional model.

Giacometti’s encounters with the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and his Japanese

translator, the philosopher Isaku Yanaihara were significant and led the former to publish two

significant essays on the artist’s work. He preferred to use the people around him as models,

particularly his wife Annette and brother Diego. He eschewed classical perspective and depicted

his models as he saw them — at times fragmented and deformed but always changing.

Having made his first prints in the company of his father, Giacometti continued to experiment

with the medium using wood, engraving, lithography, aquatint, and etching. He illustrated a

number of books and was friends with many writers and poets. He began making his signature

figures, tall and thin, from 1947 onwards. Giacometti won numerous awards, including at

the Pittsburgh International (1961), Venice Biennale (1962), as well as the Guggenheim

International Award for Painting (1964).

Giacometti died on January 11, 1966 in Chur. He was suffering from heart disease and chronic

bronchitis. Around 5,000 of his works are held at the Fondation Alberto et Annette Giacometti

based in Paris.

Quick Facts

Born: October 10, 1901

Place of Birth: Borgonovo, Switzerland

Known For: Sculpting, Painting, Printmaking

Movement: Surrealism, Expressionism, Cubism

Works Exhibited At: Berggruen Museum, Berlin; Bunder Kunstmuseum, Chur; Tate, London;

Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran; Kunsthaus, Zurich

Died: January 11, 1966 

See More Lots FOR FREE
at Blouin Art Sales Index
ART PRICES

LOTS SOLD (1988 - 2010)

2622

MAX PRICE

$27,481,000

AVG PRICE

$4,512,916

TOTAL SALES (1988 - 2010)

$293,339,583

 T?te Et Sculpture (Recto); Etude (Verso) by Alberto Giacometti

T?te Et Sculpture (Recto); Etude (Verso)

Christie's, New York

November 6, 2014

$43,750  USD

 Femme Debout No 7 by Alberto Giacometti

Femme Debout No 7

Christie's, New York

November 6, 2014

$461,000  USD

 Femme (Nu Debout IV) by Alberto Giacometti

Femme (Nu Debout IV)

Christie's, New York

November 6, 2014

$317,000  USD

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SLIDESHOWS

Sotheby’s New York Impressionist & Modern Art

By Regina Mogilevskaya | November 4, 2014

Events

Alberto Giacometti and On Kowara

Nov 6 - Dec 20, 2014

Yoshii Gallery, New York

Dada & Surrealist Objects

Oct 24, 2013 - Jan 17, 2014

Blain di Donna LLC, New York

Giacometti and a selection of contemporary...

Jan 26 - Feb 17, 2013

Norte Maar, Brooklyn

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Galleries