Alberto Giacometti

Nationality: Swiss

Birth Year: 1901

Death Year: 1966

Place of Birth: Borgonovo, Switzerland

Place of Death: Chur, Switzerland

Specialities: Modern Art

Biography

Alberto Giacometti

Swiss

Born: October 10, 1901/ Borgonovo, Switzerland

Died: January 11, 1966/Chur, Switzerland

Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, and draughtsman. As the son of the post-Impressionist painter Giovanni Giacometti and godson of Cuno Amiet, Alberto grew up around artists and began painting and sculpting while still fairly young.

Early Life

Alberto was born in Borgonovo, a village close to the Swiss-Italian border and raised in the Val Bregaglia Alpine Valley. He was educated in Geneva and Italy and later in Paris. His brothers Diego and Bruno also grew up to become artists. Raised in an artistic atmosphere, Alberto created his first bust in 1914–15 and oil painting in 1915.

Education

Giacometti moved to Paris in 1922 to study under the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere. He was also influenced by the art of Jacques Lipchitz and Fernand Leger, as can be seen from his early nudes and Cubist sculptures. By the mid-1920s, Giacometti had developed an interest in African art, which had become popular in Europe through the work of artists like Pablo Picasso and Andre Derain. The young artist first made a mark with the works “Spoon Woman” and “The Couple,” shown in Paris at the Salon de Tuileries in 1927. It was in the same year that he had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie Aktuaryus in Zurich. Non-western art had a deep influence on him and following these early successes, Giacometti began experimenting with creating flat heads and female figures, bringing him to the attention of the Pierre Loeb Gallery, known for promoting the Surrealists.

Surrealism

In 1931, Giacometti became an active member of Andre Bretton’s group and the Surrealist movement. Surrealist techniques, including dreamlike visions and magical treatment of objects and figures remained an important part of his work even after he was expelled from the group in 1935, in spite of being one of its more prominent and gifted artists. “The Walking Woman,” a sculpture made in 1932 was included in the Surrealist exhibition of 1936 in London.

Areas of Interest

Of Giacometti’s impressive body of work, the two major areas of interest that stand out are his investigations into the nature of the human head and his substantial work on utilitarian objects from ancient and primitive societies. In the second category, Giacometti contributed to the art of sculpture the idea of “mobile and mute objects.” He also began making utilitarian objects like wall light, lamps, and vases, which were sold by the interior designer Jean-Michel Frank. Giacometti and Frank collaborated over many years on projects in Europe and even as far as Buenos Aires.

However, it was his concern with the head that lay at the center of his artistic search. While for most this was a common subject, Giacometti felt compelled to study the head and particularly eyes as the core of human life. He began working on the subject regularly from the early 1930s and among the models for his studies were his brother Diego, friend Isabel Delmer, and Rita Gueyfier, a professional model.

Giacometti’s encounters with the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and his Japanese translator, the philosopher Isaku Yanaihara were significant and led the former to publish two significant essays on the artist’s work. He preferred to use the people around him as models, particularly his wife Annette and brother Diego. He eschewed classical perspective and depicted his models as he saw them — at times fragmented and deformed but always changing.

Having made his first prints in the company of his father, Giacometti continued to experiment with the medium using wood, engraving, lithography, aquatint, and etching. He illustrated a number of books and was friends with many writers and poets. He began making his signature figures, tall and thin, from 1947 onwards. Giacometti won numerous awards, including at the Pittsburgh International (1961), Venice Biennale (1962), as well as the Guggenheim International Award for Painting (1964).

Giacometti died on January 11, 1966 in Chur. He was suffering from heart disease and chronic bronchitis. Around 5,000 of his works are held at the Fondation Alberto et Annette Giacometti based in Paris.

Quick Facts

Born: October 10, 1901

Place of Birth: Borgonovo, Switzerland

Known For: Sculpting, Painting, Printmaking

Movement: Surrealism, Expressionism, Cubism

Works Exhibited At: Berggruen Museum, Berlin; Bunder Kunstmuseum, Chur; Tate, London; Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran; Kunsthaus, Zurich

Died: January 11, 1966

 

 

See More Lots FOR FREE
at Blouin Art Sales Index
ART PRICES

LOT SOLD (1988 - 2010)

2688

MAX PRICE

$27,481,000

AVG PRICE

$4,512,916

TOTAL SALES (1988 - 2010)

$293,339,583

 Feuille by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Feuille

Tajan, Paris

March 18, 2015

$201,876  USD

 Dr. Fraenkel by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Dr. Fraenkel

Sotheby's, London

March 10, 2015

$767,776  USD

 T?te D'homme et Femme Debout by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

T?te D'homme et Femme Debout

Christie's, London

February 5, 2015

 USD

 T?te de Rol-Tanguy sur double socle by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

T?te de Rol-Tanguy sur double socle

Christie's, London

February 5, 2015

 USD

 Homme (Apollon) by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Homme (Apollon)

Christie's, London

February 4, 2015

$1,188,774  USD

 Diego au chandail by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Diego au chandail

Christie's, London

February 4, 2015

$3,783,568  USD

 Femme De Venise V by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Femme De Venise V

Christie's, London

February 4, 2015

$10,334,358  USD

 T?te De Diego Sur Socle by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

T?te De Diego Sur Socle

Christie's, London

February 4, 2015

$4,549,244  USD

 Nu Debout by Alberto Giacometti

Alberto Giacometti

Nu Debout

Sotheby's, London

February 4, 2015

$66,465  USD

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